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Divine Command Theory: Crash Course Philosophy #33


The book of Deuteronomy, chapter 22, verse 11, says that people must refrain from wearing fabrics made of wool and linen mixed together. The First Epistle to Timothy, chapter 2, verse 9, prohibits women from wearing braids or gold chains. And Leviticus lays out restrictions against
tattoos and gossip, among other things. For billions of people, the source of these edicts – the Bible – is the answer to the question of where morality comes from. In a sense, that’s what the Bible is for. If your worldview tells you that that God is the creator of everything, it’s reasonable to believe that he’d also create a divine rulebook – a sort of owner’s manual for human morality. And no matter who you think wrote that manual, many people feel that, in order for morality to really be binding – for it to be something we all have to adhere to – it can ONLY originate with God. This is the oldest and most widely held ethical
theory in the world. Philosophers call it Divine Command Theory: the belief that what’s moral, and what’s immoral is commanded by the divine, whether it’s the “big G” Judeo-Christian God, or some other deity, or group of gods. People have been going to the gods to figure out how to behave since the start of recorded history – and for good reason. Just one benefit of the divine command theory
is its simplicity. How do I know what to do?
Easy. Go ask God. Check the rulebook. It also solves the grounding problem that
we discussed last time. Every ethical system needs some kind of foundation, and with the Divine Command Theory, it’s God. Period. But, as you can tell from those verses I just mentioned, there are a whole lot of things that most of us think are totally fine, but are actually, expressly forbidden by certain rulebooks – in this case, the Bible. And that raises a few questions. For example, many observant Jews follow the
rule about not wearing wool mixed with linen. But Christians don’t – most of them probably
don’t even know the rule exists. And yet they consider other rules from the Old Testament – like the Ten Commandments – to still be binding. So, why? For that matter, why does First Timothy prohibit
women from having braids, but not men? And if tattoos, smack-talk, and gold chains are forbidden, then, technically speaking, is all of modern culture a violation of God’s word? Divine Command Theory addresses many of our biggest questions about right and wrong, which is why it’s the ethical theory of choice for much of the world. But it also presents a true dilemma. [Theme Music] Over the millennia, there have been plenty of objections to the idea that morality comes from God. One of the most devastating critiques – and one that philosophers still grapple with today – came from Plato. He wrote an entire book about his problems with divine command theory, a dialogue called the Euthyphro. The dialogue, like most of Plato’s works, stars his real-life teacher, Socrates, and Socrates’ main interlocutor-of-the-day, named Euthyphro. The dialogue is set outside the Athenian courthouse, as the two men sit, awaiting their respective trials. Socrates is preparing to defend himself against the charges that will ultimately lead to his death. Among other things, he was accused of corrupting the youth of Athens and not having the right kinds of beliefs about the gods. Meanwhile, Euthyphro is getting ready to bring
murder charges against his very own father! Socrates is shocked to hear that Euthyphro is prosecuting his dad, and this gets the two into a spirited conversation about morality, and how we know what’s moral and what’s not. Euthyphro is a divine command theorist, and he is certain that prosecuting his own father is the right thing to do, because he believes the gods have commanded it. But, Socrates isn’t so sure. And he asks a question that many believe still
hasn’t been adequately answered. It’s now known as The Euthyphro Problem. The question Socrates asks can be framed something
like this: Are right actions right because God commands
them? Or are right actions commanded by God because
they are right? This might not sound like much of a distinction at first, but these two scenarios are actually quite different. In fact, many feel that, with this, Socrates
has presented us with a true dilemma. A dilemma is a situation in which you’re forced to choose between two options, both of which lead to unpleasant results. Philosophers have actually likened a dilemma to holding an angry bull by the horns – so the two unpleasant options are known as horns. If you choose the first horn of Socrates’ dilemma, then you’re accepting the proposition that right acts are right because God commands them. And this means that you’re accepting that God’s command alone is simply what makes something right. So, in this view, God makes goodness. And by extension, this suggests that anything
God commands is right. And maybe you’re OK with that, because you believe that God only commands good things, like honoring your parents and not stealing or lying or killing. But, if you know your Bible, you’ll remember that God does command killing when he feels like it. For example, when he commanded Abraham to
kill his own son. And some thinkers are bothered by the thought that morality could – at any moment – become totally different, depending on what God feels like commanding that day. All it would take is a word from God, and we could be suddenly be living in some sort of ethical Bizarro World, where things that we currently think are horrible and cruel would instantly be considered good and righteous. And this, it turns out, is the subject of this
week’s Flash Philosophy. To the Thought Bubble! Here’s the set-up: You’re going about your day, minding your own business, when suddenly God shows up. Or at least, he claims to be God. And he sure seems like God to you. He has nice, fresh breath and excellent posture and his iPhone is a version that’s not even out yet. Like, this guy is God. And he tells you that he’s changed his mind
about morality. The 10 commandments are out, he says – or
rather, they’ve been reversed. You are now commanded to kill, steal, commit
adultery, and so forth. God says he understands that this is confusing, but he assures you that he knows best, and this has been part of his plan all along. He was just waiting for humanity to be ready
for it. So he instructs you to go forth and begin
carrying out his commands. To do otherwise would be to sin. So, how do you process this information? Do you assume there must be something wrong
with your brain? Or that something’s gone wrong with God? Or do you obey? Thanks, Thought Bubble! This scenario is just one problem that comes with accepting the first horn of Socrates’ dilemma. It makes God’s commands – and the morality
that stems from them – arbitrary. If God determines the rightness and wrongness of everything, just by saying so, then the entire concept of goodness and value becomes vacuous. Because, it means that saying “God commands
what is good,” is really just saying, “God commands what he commands.” The idea of what’s “good” doesn’t
really mean anything anymore. So, what about the second horn of the dilemma? Does it make sense to say that God commands
things because they’re good? Maybe this doesn’t seem like a problem,
but it means that God isn’t omnipotent. Because there’s at least one thing – value
– that doesn’t stem from God. Instead, someone or something else has created
it, and God just uses it. So if you’re committed to the belief that God created literally everything – not just the physical world – then you’re going to have a hard time accepting this horn. And then there’s another problem: This view also means that something outside
of God in some sense binds him and his commands. If there’s some standard of goodness that God has to stick to when making commandments, then that means there must be things that God can’t command. And if the ethical rules of the universe come from some source other than God, then why can’t we just go straight to that source, too, and figure out morality for ourselves, the same way God did? Once you go down this road, you soon find that God and his religious texts must be superfluous – little more than moral CliffsNotes, a shortcut to understanding the original source of knowledge. So maybe now you’re seeing why the Euthyphro
Problem has been around for thousands of years. Whichever horn you choose, it presents serious
problems for the divine command theorist. Either God is bound by a standard outside of himself, or God’s goodness doesn’t really mean anything. The Euthyphro Problem has caused plenty of ethicists, including theistic ones, to reject divine command theory altogether. But the theory has other problems, too. Like, how do we know what God commands? This takes us back to the Bible verses I mentioned
earlier. There are a lot of very explicit instructions – like about fabrics and hair braids and gold chains – that most Bible-reading theists don’t consider binding. So how do we know which commands are binding, and which ones God retracted somewhere along the way? Do we get to decide? And if we do, how are those instructions still
commandments? Wouldn’t they be more like recommendations? I don’t know about you, but the Ten Recommendations
just doesn’t have the same ring to it. A good moral theory is one that will generate answers to questions like these, and divine command theory seems to fall short in that regard. So next time, we’re going to look at another moral theory that approaches things from a theistic perspective, but is immune to some of these problems. For now, we’ve learned about divine command
theory. And we discussed the dilemma presented by Plato known as the Euthyphro Problem, and considered both of its horns. Crash Course Philosophy is produced in association
with PBS Digital Studios. You can head over to their channel to check out a playlist of the latest episodes from shows like: BBQ with Franklin, and PBS OffBook, and The
Art Assignment. This episode of Crash Course was filmed in
the Doctor Cheryl C. Kinney Crash Course Studio with the help of these awesome people and our equally fantastic graphics team is Thought Cafe.

Otis Rodgers

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91 COMMENTS

  1. Michael Marunchak Posted on January 13, 2019 at 5:53 pm

    Divine command theory is exactly equivalent to the German concept of Führerbefehl (leader command) as existed in Nazi Germany; whatever the Führer commands is defacto right and good because the Führer commanded it. This concept seems to be very popular with all-powerful genocidal maniacs.

    Reply
  2. Karl Posted on January 16, 2019 at 8:03 pm

    I am very much ashamed of this guy:
    1- There is a third option: God IS Goodness itself. We therefore resolve the problem
    2- he doesn't understand the bible. We do not take orders from the old testament because there is a new covenant. So Christ sends us what we should do or shouldn't do. As of 1 Timothy I agree with the bible. It is idolatery. That is the point.

    Reply
  3. M X Posted on January 18, 2019 at 1:07 am

    Why in the world did I take a biomedical ethics course? This stuff is so deep.

    Reply
  4. Shaikbabulal Shaik Posted on January 18, 2019 at 8:44 pm

    this is the TRUTH you are holding the bible book….which has been changed form and corrupted….in bible we find many contradictions for Concept of trinity and john chapter 17 verse 3 and many more ……..for that god has revealed Holy quran just like he revealed injeel (bible) after torah (old testament)………finally does need to come from God's guidance…..and his guidance and nature doesn't change……only people has changed the GOD WORD….But for this God has revealed Holy quran….which confirms all the past scriptures and tells the TRUTH……..Amazingly without any contradictions and without having any change in a single letter since 1400 yrs ……..think about bible which is more different for different versions and books variation in sects……

    Reply
  5. Shaikbabulal Shaik Posted on January 18, 2019 at 8:49 pm

    i love your videos sir …..please do research on Quran as well ….so that you may guided to straight path ….just like jesus….who submitted his will to god……..researchers say jesus spoke Aramaic…….in Aramaic for calling god they use word "ALLAH "……just like jesus in bible he said "my god my god why have you forsaken me "……..

    Reply
  6. Spartan11710 Posted on January 24, 2019 at 11:34 pm

    good series oh yeah yeah

    Reply
  7. Samir 7 Posted on January 25, 2019 at 8:48 pm

    Hi! Thank you for the videos!! Quick question: at 3minutes 45 seconds you say “Aristotle” but you meant “Plato,” right? Thank you!!

    Reply
  8. Blur 410 Posted on January 30, 2019 at 9:01 pm

    You can also look at the bible as an extrapolation by man, not as if they became straight from God.

    Reply
  9. John Carlo Ol'CAt Lacadin Posted on January 31, 2019 at 4:24 am

    i cracked up when he said 10 recommendations

    Reply
  10. Ali Yashk Posted on February 1, 2019 at 7:48 pm

    Socrates dilemma of "The Euthyphro Problem" is not a dilemma at all. Because it begs the question. It is completely ignoring the fact that the both "horns" are actually inter connected because the foundation of the Divine Command Theory is built on Creation. If we assume Creation, then simply we don't need to question God what's right and wrong, rather we surrender before God. Asking what's right and wrong after the surrender is akin to idolatry because that's interference in divine work.
    So go back to the debate on existence of God!

    Reply
  11. Grant Walker Posted on February 6, 2019 at 12:30 am

    What if god wants us to be good so he gives us commandments to make us good? Wouldn't that solve the "Horn" issue?

    Reply
  12. Leon boyagoda Posted on February 9, 2019 at 4:28 pm

    Oh yeah yeah

    Reply
  13. IntermediateJesus Posted on February 9, 2019 at 5:42 pm

    "Thou shalt commit adultery" was a famous Bible typo in a Bible from 1631.

    Reply
  14. Ayn Rand Posted on February 10, 2019 at 3:30 am

    The ten commandments do not apply to anyone other than the Jewish people, the rest of humanity wass told to abide by the Noahide Laws

    Reply
  15. Orlando López Posted on February 11, 2019 at 1:12 am

    Wow. So out of context your study. Really bad done. How can you take verses from a collection of 66 books so wrongly (AND knowing it). Because those verses were just for the ISRAELI people in that period of time. Then, when Jesus came to the world, everything changed. The majority of 630 commandments (old testament) were changed and simplify. That's why there is a New testament.

    Reply
  16. Greg Bowman Posted on February 14, 2019 at 2:55 am

    Belief in the bible has made the smartest people I know sound like fools!

    Reply
  17. Dennis Posted on February 15, 2019 at 10:29 pm

    This is what Jordan Peterson actually believes…

    Reply
  18. Sebastien Busque Posted on February 20, 2019 at 7:00 pm

    Watching all of those videos reminds me of a piece of philosophy I found in a Belgium comic strip called 'Le Chat' (or 'The Cat') by Phillipe Gelluck. The character in question said in a short strip: "Man made God. As a way to thank him, God made Man."

    Reply
  19. Patrick Wheeler Posted on February 24, 2019 at 6:32 am

    I asked myself a variation of the Euthyphro problem. I should've figured that someone else had come up with it already.

    Reply
  20. Rosanna Miller Posted on February 26, 2019 at 6:10 pm

    Wrong! I guess you don't realize there are Laws pertaining to Moral, Dietary/Clothing, and Customs. A basic premise is Christians must follow Moral Law and we don't need to follow an OT Law unless it is repeated in NT.

    Reply
  21. Rosanna Miller Posted on February 26, 2019 at 6:12 pm

    Socrates wasn't as wise as you or he or anyone who thinks he was. God NEVER changes. If a god came making such claims then we should know it isn't God!!

    Reply
  22. Lymari Santiago Posted on February 27, 2019 at 5:21 pm

    But.. Cain kills his brother before the 10 commandments were established….

    Reply
  23. Lymari Santiago Posted on February 27, 2019 at 5:24 pm

    About the things to follow and those that not, wouldn't be easier to see what Jesus believed and what he told his apostle Pedro and his successors???

    Reply
  24. Verlassis Posted on February 27, 2019 at 9:35 pm

    Halo 2 theme @0:20? Hello? Anyone?

    Reply
  25. liam McKenna Posted on February 28, 2019 at 2:13 am

    In the context of the old testament, many of the rules that the Israelites were instructed to follow were to differentiate them from other tribes around them, like the Egyptians. The mixing of pork and milk, braiding of hair, engaging in orgies, holding slaves, etc. Were general practice for Egyptians and surrounding groups.
    In regards to Gods Covenants it's understood that God will honour all his covenants but they must be followed as they are given, so being circumsized for example allows entry into Abraham's covenant but it's rules should all be followed. Many Baptists denominations of the church cite these passages as a means to percecute same sex couples. Issue with this is that they're Citing doctrine that doesn't actually apply to them, if so they better not shave, Pierce their skin, or mix means and milks or they're massive hypocrites.
    General things that most who claim to love thy neighbor forget about.
    (Practicing Catholic)
    Thanks for the video, really helping me wrap my head around philosophy.

    Reply
  26. Hunter Terrell Posted on March 2, 2019 at 1:46 am

    the three issues introduced at the beginning of the video, while, at first glance and out of context can seem confusing, really are all things that make sense when read into.

    The ancient israelites made a covenant with God, before the coming of Christ. In this covenant were hundreds of rules for man, and hundreds of promises by God. The rules included the practical, or "humans dealing with humans" such as washing your hands before you eat, and not eating rotten meat. Also there was moral and social practicality, like don't kill and don't steal, take care of widows, etc.. These helped keep a peaceful society. Then there were rules that were meant to distinguish the israelites from the pagan countries, rules such as dress codes and circumcision, symbolic things which identified the Israelites as God's people.

    The second kind of rules were rules on how to approach or worship God. Very specific, symbolic instructions on building a tabernacle and ceremonies.

    All of these rules were assigned a purpose, their purpose was as a mirror. Time and time again the new testament asks "can the law save you?" or says "if you keep the whole law, but fail in one way, you are guilty of it all." The purpose of the law was to put humans in their place. Pagans and the tower of babel were examples of people trying to reach God, instead of having faith in Him to reach them. The law, which no one could follow, highlighted the need for a saviour.
    Enter: Jesus.

    The old Israelite commandments are not binding to anyone other than the ancient people group that entered a covenant. Jesus eliminated the need for human sacrificial atonement because Jesus came as the intercessor for us all, the intermediary between us and God. All of us are "sheep lead astray" and Jesus "bore the transgressions (wrongdoings) of us all" as an eternal atonement (appeasement)

    As for the reason that modern Christians still follow the 10 commandments, we don't, not all of them, it just so happens that 9/10 of them were repeated in the new testament. Jesus came to fulfil the law. Jesus also kind of exploded the idea of the Sabbath, and most Christians do not hold a holy sabbath (saturday). When asked what the greatest commandment was, Jesus responded with the first commandment, more or less, by saying "Love God with all your heart, soul and strength." and then he gave a second, "love your neighbor as yourself" We learned much of the symbolic meaning of the law in the new testament. For instance with murder, "you say do not kill, but I tell you that any man who has hatred has commited murder in his heart." or with adultrey "any man that looks at a woman with lust commits adultery in his heart." learning to follow the spirit of the law above the letter.

    As for the new testament laws he gave, wearing gold chains was a sign of vanity, and vanity isn't good if you back up in the timothy passage, it starts by saying that people should be modest, and then gives examples how.. and you shouldn't gossip.

    Anyways, my point is that there are still people, myself included, that truly do believe that the entire Bible is literal and true, moral and practical. I try very hard to live by it, and I do not dress funky or do anything religious. The entire misconception is this: People believe that for God to love them they have to do stuff to appease Him. The whole message of the Bible is that there is nothing that you can do to work your way to heaven. "For it is by Grace (undeserved favor, mercy) that you are saved, through Faith, and not of works…) -Ephesians.

    I hope that helped, if you have any questions let me know

    Reply
  27. Ghedira Mhamed Posted on March 5, 2019 at 8:45 am

    let us think a bit:
    – if god is the creator of every thing , morals are god creation
    – if god is all-good , moral is all-good (if a all-good one make it not 100% good , it is not created to be morals because it loses its definition)
    – if god knows every thing and he is in all times , why would he change moralities (perfect from the beginnig)
    >> god is not bounded by a thing he made
    >> we can't say that god 's goodness do not mean anything because "how to difine good ?"
    if it cames from morals (and it doesn't because that way we can not refer to a drink as good) yes that way it is good
    if it is not , god is good becames relative to your relationship with god (Like saying law is good)
    (I AM STILL THINKING WHAT IS "GOOD"){ it is hard to define good because all we know that good in the past was not like the good in these days . also the defenition should not be relative to a person , so still thinking all i konw is that it can't be from morals because things like your mug can be refered to by good (it has nothing to do with morals) and we also can say some good thing (like beer) are the opposit of morals }
    the problem is not in proving if morals came from god , the problem is in proving god

    Reply
  28. farid rahman Posted on March 6, 2019 at 12:17 am

    Yes something right because god command it….it is only logical…

    Reply
  29. HuffleRuff Posted on March 6, 2019 at 5:15 am

    Aaaaaand as always, someone brings up verses of the bible taken out of cultural, linguistic, &c. context.

    Reply
  30. Jack Heltzel Posted on March 7, 2019 at 8:37 pm

    De-sensitized people havent a clue…

    Reply
  31. Chris A Posted on March 11, 2019 at 4:12 am

    That’s EXACTLY what happened in Nazi Germany! Things we now consider horrible and cruel (like hating and killing Jews and other minorities) are suddenly good! God (or morality) was essentially replaced by Adolf Hitler.

    Reply
  32. pneumatictrousers Posted on March 11, 2019 at 9:15 pm

    That's not the Euthryphro problem written by Socrates thus is invalid and a strawman.

    Reply
  33. Commander Rex Posted on March 17, 2019 at 7:46 pm

    Please could you do a bit on situation ethics pls

    Reply
  34. hn journal Posted on March 18, 2019 at 2:20 pm

    İn a divine command theory video,we have to mention Islam and Quran too because true divine commandments are in Quran.

    Reply
  35. amy J Posted on March 21, 2019 at 11:54 am

    Your idea of God is really shallow, theyre good points, but if u think as God being the ALmighty, and AL knowing, NOT A HUMAN. Beyond your imagination it will make more sense. to begin with your 'definition' of God is incorrect. why are u making God sound as if he is ur next door neighbour? might as well worship ur wise friend….

    Reply
  36. Landon J Powell Posted on March 22, 2019 at 5:24 am

    Divine Command "Theory" isn't an actual ethical theory because it doesn't include any actual presuppositions or a way you can reason about moral behavior.
    "Consult whichever book you like and see what it says" is not an ethical theory.

    Reply
  37. Joshua Garner Posted on March 25, 2019 at 4:36 am

    If God is God it doesn't really matter what or why he commands it.

    Reply
  38. typedeaf Posted on March 25, 2019 at 5:42 am

    Not sure why the Euthyphro has been unsolved until now, but I will solve it. Option 3: God is good, and everything he commands is, as he is, good. Anticipating an obvious rebuttal, I would note that we are not good. We 'were' good, as created initially, but then we lost our pure goodness when we broke the commandment in Eden. We are now tainted. So although there are 'good' people, these are not wholly good beings, like God, they are just flawed beings that are more often than not observed as being good.

    Reply
  39. typedeaf Posted on March 25, 2019 at 6:09 am

    How do we know what God commands? Are you sure this is a dilemma? Maybe ask Jesus, as someone did over 2000 years ago, as documented in Mark 12:
    28 One of the teachers of the law came and heard them debating. Noticing that Jesus had given them a good answer, he asked him, “Of all the commandments, which is the most important?”

    29 “The most important one,” answered Jesus, “is this: ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.
    30 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’
    31 The second is this: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no commandment greater than these.”

    Jesus had a profound dislike for the secular leaders of his day because they were too obsessed with trying to following and interpret the commandments of God. He said, in layman's terms, that they could not see the forest from the trees. Jesus stated that the big picture was to love God, and everyone, and to always try to do good things when the opportunity arises; even if it directly conflicts with a commandment from God. For example, helping a man change his flat tire (labor) was, according to Jesus, far more important than observing the Sabbath law of not doing any work.

    Reply
  40. PD Warschkuhl Posted on March 25, 2019 at 9:32 am

    The problem with the Euthyphro problem is that it was thought out by a man, so how do you know this was the right and truthful question to ask, because it seems the question limits God to a human thought.

    Reply
  41. Adeeb Feeroz Posted on March 31, 2019 at 12:54 am

    Whatever people had to say they will say but it's clear for me that divine command/ right or wrong come from Allah(god) because he is our creater n whatever things we do we can't reach his superiorty

    Reply
  42. Melody Yan Posted on April 1, 2019 at 12:20 pm

    I mean… let's be honest the modern lifestyle truly isn't so great!! lolll but thank God he says its ok if you've sinned.

    Reply
  43. farkhanda farzana Posted on April 2, 2019 at 4:33 pm

    What if God has the right to be evil??

    Reply
  44. Benjamin P. Vallières Posted on April 3, 2019 at 2:51 pm

    The information given is good and interesting, alltough the verses mentionned in the video to criticize God's morality (the first option of the Eutyphro Dilemna is the correct one and stands on its one) are disapointingly useless to its argument when you put them in context. The wrong use of these verses is not an hinest intellectual way to provide an argument.

    Reply
  45. Zacharie Chiron Posted on April 5, 2019 at 11:38 pm

    I don't see why with the first horn, it makes morality meaningless, or that the idea of good doesn't mean anything anymore. Because if God is the creator, then it can be logical that he has created morality as well. And why do you presume he can change morality? He might have created it along with the world, and it is now fixed, like laws of physics. Also him being out of time, wouldn't he be inconsistent with himself if he changed what he viewed good or bad?

    Reply
  46. Nick Peat Posted on April 14, 2019 at 9:45 pm

    Is CrashCourse good because it concerns Philosophy? Or is Philosophy good because it is covered by CrashCourse?

    Reply
  47. Random Potato Posted on April 15, 2019 at 10:24 pm

    Would God behave like an atheist because He is God or like what

    Reply
  48. Hilal İrem Posted on April 17, 2019 at 8:03 pm

    These questions are the most silly ones I have ever heard. Answer to both are "yes".
    God commands what is right and what is right is what god commands.
    Because he is "The All-Knowing One": The One nothing is absent from His knowledge.
    "The All-Pervading One": The Vast, The All-Embracing, The Knowledgeable.
    "The Wise One": The Wise, The Judge of Judges, The One who is correct in His doings.

    Religion actually means "rule, canon". God is the owner of all the knowledge and canon present in the universe (also in places other than universe) So what god says is what happens in reality, and god's commands are just what fits best to this reality that god itself created. Therefore, god commands what is right because they are the actions that good for all, best of what it could be. And god does not need to refer to any other source to learn what is right/good.

    Reply
  49. Ruchi Kulshreshtra Posted on April 21, 2019 at 12:37 pm

    I would suggest that you should first of all consider all the holy books and then come up with some good stuff , because from your videos it seems so that philosophy is all about christianity. Otherwise the content was good.

    Reply
  50. David Niggemeyer Posted on April 24, 2019 at 4:54 am

    The Old Testament or Levitical or Mosaic Laws as they are known by, God gave to the Israelites for the specific purpose of being a "peculiar people" as He put it. And when Jesus the Christ or Messiah came in the 4 Gospels, He fulfilled The Law and made it no longer binding per say as to the legalism practiced by the priests and nutritional habits of the commoner, such as no pork. Murder & theft is still a sin, of course. So, atheists & agnostics speaking with authority over God's Word is laughable and hubris personified.

    Reply
  51. Dylan Benson Posted on April 29, 2019 at 4:29 am

    The laws that he pointed out applied to the Israelites at a very specific point in time and maybe for the Jews still have some weight to them. However for Christians Jesus does not talk of those laws for a very important reason. That being that they don’t apply anymore or that they have no eternal weight on salvation. After Jesus’s resurrection and assent to heaven God told the apostle Paul that they could eat pork. In other words God didn’t want the Israelites during the time of Moses to eat pigs (for his own Devine reasons) and now that his reason has either been dealt with or erased the Jews no longer have to avoid Pork. The Ten Commandments definitely have weight because they were directly specified by Jesus that they were to be followed. Women with Braids or mixing fabrics aren’t a big deal. A lot of Gods rules in the Old Testament (like circumcision and sacrifices) are not crucial to salvation anymore. And that is because Jesus died and took our sin.

    Reply
  52. Jared Kelm Posted on May 1, 2019 at 10:34 pm

    The first “horn” is simply Dualism, not Christianity

    Reply
  53. dema don't control us Posted on May 9, 2019 at 9:42 am

    religion is made up to divide people not bring them together! divide et impera

    Reply
  54. Lauryn 19 Posted on May 11, 2019 at 1:25 am

    There is moral law and others like diatary laws in the bible. Eating pork isn't the same as killing someone. We have to look at the spritual meaning of the commandments. The new covenant clearly teaches the Moral laws. God is good in essence and that's why he can judge us by the morality that he himself displays. We fight over what is moral because we decided to follow our own morality. Humans have a sinfull nature that's why it's difficult for us to decide a moral law that is against our nature. At the same time we are made in Gods image and thus feel a need for Justice and goodness.

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  55. Thomas Ryder Posted on May 13, 2019 at 9:03 pm

    I see no dilemma. The first "horn" makes sense. "God commands what he commands" 6:08 is basically just repeating what He Himself already said in Exodus 3:13 "I will be what I will be". Plus God is good, so it makes sense that he commands what is good. The bible is full of verses that talk about how God is the only thing keeping us tethered. The fact that ancient Hebrews knew how to ground themselves more than people today is impressive.

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  56. Homework break Posted on May 14, 2019 at 10:36 am

    I want my ethical beliefs to be what God actually believes but I don't know where to find those. I haven't read the Bible yet and there may be some answers there but I think that the Bible is not perfectly in line with God's beliefs… it wasn't written by him and it has been rephrased by many humans… so idk

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  57. Michael Hopcroft Posted on May 22, 2019 at 2:48 am

    Unfortunately there will be people out there (and possibly here) who will say that all of Modern Culture(TM) IS a violation of God's Word. And while I don't particularly look forward to meeting them out on the street, I'm sure they're around here someplace. and this has been common, especially in North America, for about 200+ years. This is especially annoying when you make it clear you don't understand what you're saying, like tattooing the anti-gay verses in Leviticus on your arm without realizing that Leviticus also prohibits all tattoos, regardless of topic.

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  58. michael Posted on May 22, 2019 at 6:05 am

    Gods like a shark, he never swam backwards.

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  59. Michael Hopcroft Posted on May 25, 2019 at 7:35 pm

    Another query that just occurred to me: Can God lie, and can He command us to believe that lie?

    The obvious example is the belief in Creationism. Creationists believe in the literality of the Genesis accounts, and deny any evidence brought up elsewhere that says otherwise. What is more, they believe that you will be punished eternally if you do not also deny that evidence. Yet the evidence exists, and for many is pretty compelling. Only the most fundamentalist of Christian denominations haven't abandoned Creationism or at least belief that the Genesis account is absolute truth. But can God command that you believe something that is actually and obviously untrue, and accuse you of being sinful if you do not believe in what He says, even if it is an outright lie?

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  60. hooplehead101 Posted on May 28, 2019 at 10:19 pm

    There is a much, much bigger problem than the Euthyphros Dilemma: There is no proof for the existence of God.

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  61. Stan Huie Posted on May 29, 2019 at 2:24 pm

    You leave out a big area of Devine Command Theory – Covenants. Also, not everything God commands is on the basis of morality. This latter area would cover God's telling Abraham to sacrifice his only son (a test of obedience) and many of the Mosaic Covenant laws which served to make Israel a unique or holy people. On the first category, Christians are aware of the Mosaic Covenant laws but respond, that is not my covenant. Christians see themselves under the New Covenant or New Testament which God had promised in Jeremiah 31. So the moral laws of the Old Testament continue because they are rooted in the character of God, but the ceremonial laws for national Israel do not. Also, the Euthyphro dilemma is a false dilemma for Christians and Jews – God's laws are seen to be rooted in his nature because he is good and holy. So both questions are true – He commands them because they are true and they are true because he commands them.

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  62. bsktblmasta31 Posted on June 6, 2019 at 6:34 pm

    Love God and love your neighbor. Simple principles/commandments, tough and varied to live out.

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  63. Joe Ivan Aquino Posted on June 7, 2019 at 9:41 pm

    Morality is a beneficial action to God and man. Morality was created by God in order to have positive reactions on the world prolonging the good condition. Divine Command theory applying to evil does not work. Yahweh (Judeo-Christian version) would not do evil because it is not in his character. The Epistle to the Hebrews Chapter 11 say that Abraham had "faith in God". This " faith in God " is not referring to Divine Command theory, but it is referring to Abraham's faith in Yahweh's character. Yahweh ,asking for child sacrifice, would be ridiculous as a loving father killing his son because he felt like it. Abraham had faith in Yahweh's character that is why he know that Yahweh would not go with the child sacrifice

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  64. isaac gutierrez Posted on June 10, 2019 at 1:40 pm

    Why was divine nature theory not talk about at all. It completely ignores the euthypro dilemma and makes is a false dichotomy. I will like to see more about divine nature theory. If anyone read this and has a good work of writing or video please link it.

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  65. bigalinmiami Posted on June 17, 2019 at 10:55 pm

    I have one comment about the "God can't" thought. God, of course, can't do some things. He can't lie. He can't sin. He can't go against his nature. So, yes, there are some things he can't do. That doesn't mean his isn't omnipotent.

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  66. Kaitlin Grace Posted on June 23, 2019 at 11:39 pm

    It still surprises me how much the Bible is taken out of context. People formulate opinions without even knowing or truly studying the Bible. People try to make up these theoretical situations that are so human and something God would not ever do… makes me laugh.

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  67. Noela M Posted on June 27, 2019 at 1:45 am

    Thanks, this answers a lot of questions. Studying this in ethics!

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  68. Brady Alejandro Posted on July 2, 2019 at 12:15 pm

    Hello i just want to ask, is this still a theory if its disproven?

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  69. WTF how bizarre Posted on July 6, 2019 at 5:44 am

    Doesn't Socrates predate monotheism?

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  70. Edelweiss W Posted on July 6, 2019 at 3:24 pm

    1. Why do we seek truth, that is a form of morality. What even is relaity etc those qeustions
    2. I'd like to assume in truth that the reason behind everything comes from the unidentified source. The highest power whenever and wherever and whatever that is. But ALSO that the defined God (in my belive Allah) is this. There is and will always be an unidentified and unknowable source but I belive that is all "Allah" but either way it is the source. I BELIEVE BOTH QUESTIONS A CORRECT. AND BOTH ACTUALLY ARE WHAT GOD IS.

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  71. Daniel Joshua Posted on July 7, 2019 at 5:40 pm

    Half the video in-contextualises biblical passages. He obviously isn't a fan of the bible

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  72. Taha Babikir Posted on July 10, 2019 at 4:46 pm

    It would be awesome if you guys make a Philosophy Islam video.

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  73. Red Sparks Posted on July 11, 2019 at 10:55 pm

    I like the anime No Game No Life's 10 pledges of the god Tet, the god of games, especially pledge no 10, "Let's all have fun and play together!" Best way to spend eternity. Hmmm I wonder if they will have anime in Heaven. Hope so.

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  74. Matt Hoskins Posted on July 17, 2019 at 12:35 am

    This is just really lazy. It’s also guilt of both the straw man fallacy and the false dichotomy fallacy.
    Seriously, “he does command killing when he feels like it”? That’s a terrible straw man and it’s not even clever

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  75. Rex Adebayo Posted on July 17, 2019 at 8:48 am

    There are what we call the weightier matters of the law. Wearing clothes are not life and death, even in the old testament, a simple trespass offering would sort that out. The ten commandments on the other hand are more serious. Avoid Wearing the wrong stuff and tattooing your skin but take note of the stuff that carry death sentences even under the mosaic law. Dont mess with those ones

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  76. Rex Adebayo Posted on July 17, 2019 at 8:54 am

    God created the value system and He adheres to it. He cannot go against them just as a disciplined person does not go against his set goals.

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  77. Alicia Rossano Posted on July 17, 2019 at 7:45 pm

    "Socrates, what is truth? Socrates, what is the nature of the Good? Socrates, what are you ordering? No one told me 'Socrates, hemlock is poison'! "

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  78. Paul T Sjordal Posted on July 19, 2019 at 1:22 am

    To understand what's wrong with Divine Command Theory, just look for video clips of William Lane Craig defending genocide and baby murder

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  79. Daniel Valdivia Posted on July 19, 2019 at 9:16 pm

    The Bible also states that God never changes: the Bible records God as saying: “I am Jehovah; I do not change.” (Malachi 3:6) Similarly, the Bible says that God “does not vary or change like the shifting shadows.” (James 1:​17) This, however, does not contradict what the Bible says about God changing his mind. God is unchangeable in that his personality and standards of love and justice never alter. (Deuteronomy 32:4;1 John 4:8) Still, he can give different instructions to people at different times as long as those instructions adhere to his never changing principles and standards of Justice and love; hence, the situation you presented would never actually happen because God has never so radically changed his principles like in the situation being mentioned.

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  80. Jim Willis Posted on July 19, 2019 at 11:14 pm

    Thanks for captions for the Deaf – found via RZIM

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  81. Dave McDonald Posted on July 22, 2019 at 6:00 am

    Period 👊👊👊

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  82. Michael Deo Posted on July 22, 2019 at 2:47 pm

    The Euthyphro problem is a False Dilemma! The Intrinsic Nature of the Supreme Being, the Ultimate Reality is Good!

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  83. Michael Deo Posted on July 22, 2019 at 3:55 pm

    How do we know the will of Yahweh the Supreme Being? We know by the Word of Yahweh, and the example the Messiah gave in walking (living) it out!
    Why is there all the confusion and different opinions about the Word of Yahweh? Because people take it upon themselves to add to it and take away from it, which is, a command violation!

    Shalom/Peace

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  84. Michael Deo Posted on July 22, 2019 at 4:12 pm

    Plato stated his dilemma because of his Atheos belief toward the all to flawed characters and actions
    told in the stories about of the false gods of Greece that others believed in and He reasoned, rightly so, that there must be a higher source of morality, goodness then them.
    Yahweh is the Source Being, the Ultimate Reality, the Supreme Being, the One who is Eternal Existence, whose intrinsic Nature is Good!
    The Euthyphro is not applicable to the One who is the Ultimate Reality, the Source/Life of all!

    Shalom/Peace

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  85. Amitava Bhattacharjee Posted on July 24, 2019 at 4:43 pm

    Why are you only talking about Judaism and Christianity? Why not Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism there in any of your example? Is it only because we don't find any good example in western author's book?

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  86. Omar Mohamed attallah Posted on July 30, 2019 at 8:24 pm

    The second option is the right one, god binded him self to the good things, there is thing can not demand,

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  87. josiah harder Posted on July 30, 2019 at 11:15 pm

    The euthyphro dillema is easily resolved! Gods commands are good because the essence of goodness is found within God and God can not command anything that is not good

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  88. Topics Posted on August 6, 2019 at 8:11 am

    Let God be true and every man a liar

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  89. Sam Buddy Posted on August 10, 2019 at 12:44 pm

    Here's my response to Socrates: Goodness is an expression of God's being, it cannot exist without God.

    "Be Holy, for I am Holy."

    See here, the source is God; the command to be a good human being is in fact, a command to become more like God himself. God is love, so he commands us to love our neighbors. Hence God is not commanding a good moral standard that exists outside himself, the moral standard exists because of God, as an expression of God; for instance, sunshine (goodness) exists because of the sun (God). As such, God (the sun) commands us to fill the world with light (sunshine) by reflecting his own glory.

    This is why the Bible repeatedly points out that in doing what is good, fair, right or true, we glorify the Father in Heaven.

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  90. TheMonarch Amathen Posted on August 13, 2019 at 12:57 am

    I’ve spent some time looking at religious philosophy and I’ve come up with a pretty solid solution to the issues he has mentioned. The issue is how people view god especially from a biblical perspective

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  91. CryptoNugs _dot_club Posted on August 14, 2019 at 12:22 pm

    The Bible is not a "rule-book" (such a glaring biased oversimplification). And the laws in Leviticus were Levitical Laws. In other words, they were civil laws specifically for that nation at that time but were never meant to be universal or timeless. You understand context don't you? How about straw men? The Ten Commandments were universal and timeless laws. See Acts 15, 1 Corinthians 8 and Romans 14 if you want to understand Christian ethics as it is in fact held, instead of lazily misrepresenting it – please. Thnx!

    God commands what he will in light of the fact that all He does must perfectly glorify Himself because He can only do good (from a perspective of transcendence -being above space and time)as the ultimate good of any good. God is only bound by faithfulness to His own attributes. If you ask " is the good and just good and just because God wills it or whether God wills it because it is good and just", the answer is, "both."

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