September 22, 2019
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Parag Khanna maps the future of countries


Do we live in a borderless world? Before you answer that, have a look at this map. Contemporary political map shows that we have over 200 countries in the world today. That’s probably more than at any time in centuries. Now, many of you will object. For you this would be a more appropriate map. You could call it TEDistan. In TEDistan, there are no borders, just connected spaces and unconnected spaces. Most of you probably reside in one of the 40 dots on this screen, of the many more that represent 90 percent of the world economy. But let’s talk about the 90 percent of the world population that will never leave the place in which they were born. For them, nations, countries, boundaries, borders still matter a great deal, and often violently. Now here at TED, we’re solving some of the great riddles of science and mysteries of the universe. Well here is a fundamental problem we have not solved: our basic political geography. How do we distribute ourselves around the world? Now this is important, because border conflicts justify so much of the world’s military-industrial complex. Border conflicts can derail so much of the progress that we hope to achieve here. So I think we need a deeper understanding of how people, money, power, religion, culture, technology interact to change the map of the world. And we can try to anticipate those changes, and shape them in a more constructive direction. So we’re going to look at some maps of the past, the present and some maps you haven’t seen in order to get a sense of where things are going. Let’s start with the world of 1945. 1945 there were just 100 countries in the world. After World War II, Europe was devastated, but still held large overseas colonies: French West Africa, British East Africa, South Asia, and so forth. Then over the late ’40s, ’50s, ’60s, ’70s and ’80s, waves of decolonization took place. Over 50 new countries were born. You can see that Africa has been fragmented. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, South East Asian nations created. Then came the end of the Cold War. The end of the Cold War and the disintegration of the Soviet Union. You had the creation of new states in Eastern Europe, the former Yugoslav republics and the Balkans, and the ‘stans of central Asia. Today we have 200 countries in the world. The entire planet is covered by sovereign, independent nation-states. Does that mean that someone’s gain has to be someone else’s loss? Let’s zoom in on one of the most strategic areas of the world, Eastern Eurasia. As you can see on this map, Russia is still the largest country in the world. And as you know, China is the most populous. And they share a lengthy land border. What you don’t see on this map is that most of Russia’s 150 million people are concentrated in its western provinces and areas that are close to Europe. And only 30 million people are in its eastern areas. In fact, the World Bank predicts that Russia’s population is declining towards about 120 million people And there is another thing that you don’t see on this map. Stalin, Khrushchev and other Soviet leaders forced Russians out to the far east to be in gulags, labor camps, nuclear cities, whatever the case was. But as oil prices rose, Russian governments have invested in infrastructure to unite the country, east and west. But nothing has more perversely impacted Russia’s demographic distribution, because the people in the east, who never wanted to be there anyway, have gotten on those trains and roads and gone back to the west. As a result, in the Russian far east today, which is twice the size of India, you have exactly six million Russians. So let’s get a sense of what is happening in this part of the world. We can start with Mongolia, or as some call it, Mine-golia. Why do they call it that? Because in Mine-golia, Chinese firms operate and own most of the mines — copper, zinc, gold — and they truck the resources south and east into mainland China. China isn’t conquering Mongolia. It’s buying it. Colonies were once conquered. Today countries are bought. So let’s apply this principle to Siberia. Siberia most of you probably think of as a cold, desolate, unlivable place. But in fact, with global warming and rising temperatures, all of a sudden you have vast wheat fields and agribusiness, and grain being produced in Siberia. But who is it going to feed? Well, just on the other side of the Amo River, in the Heilongjiang and Harbin provinces of China, you have over 100 million people. That’s larger than the entire population of Russia. Every single year, for at least a decade or more, [60,000] of them have been voting with their feet, crossing, moving north and inhabiting this desolate terrain. They set up their own bazaars and medical clinics. They’ve taken over the timber industry and been shipping the lumber east, back into China. Again, like Mongolia, China isn’t conquering Russia. It’s just leasing it. That’s what I call globalization Chinese style. Now maybe this is what the map of the region might look like in 10 to 20 years. But hold on. This map is 700 years old. This is the map of the Yuan Dynasty, led by Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan. So history doesn’t necessarily repeat itself, but it does rhyme. This is just to give you a taste of what’s happening in this part of the world. Again, globalization Chinese style. Because globalization opens up all kinds of ways for us to undermine and change the way we think about political geography. So, the history of East Asia in fact, people don’t think about nations and borders. They think more in terms of empires and hierarchies, usually Chinese or Japanese. Well it’s China’s turn again. So let’s look at how China is re-establishing that hierarchy in the far East. It starts with the global hubs. Remember the 40 dots on the nighttime map that show the hubs of the global economy? East Asia today has more of those global hubs than any other region in the world. Tokyo, Seoul, Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Singapore and Sidney. These are the filters and funnels of global capital. Trillions of dollars a year are being brought into the region, so much of it being invested into China. Then there is trade. These vectors and arrows represent ever stronger trade relationships that China has with every country in the region. Specifically, it targets Japan and Korea and Australia, countries that are strong allies of the United States. Australia, for example, is heavily dependent on exporting iron ore and natural gas to China. For poorer countries, China reduces tariffs so that Laos and Cambodia can sell their goods more cheaply and become dependent on exporting to China as well. And now many of you have been reading in the news how people are looking to China to lead the rebound, the economic rebound, not just in Asia, but potentially for the world. The Asian free trade zone, almost free trade zone, that’s emerging now has a greater trade volume than trade across the Pacific. So China is becoming the anchor of the economy in the region. Another pillar of this strategy is diplomacy. China has signed military agreements with many countries in the region. It has become the hub of diplomatic institutions such as the East Asian Community. Some of these organizations don’t even have the United States as a member. There is a treaty of nonaggression between countries, such that if there were a conflict between China and the United States, most countries vow to just sit it out, including American allies like Korea and Australia. Another pillar of the strategy, like Russia, is demographic. China exports business people, nannies, students, teachers to teach Chinese around the region, to intermarry and to occupy ever greater commanding heights of the economies. Already ethnic Chinese people in Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia are the real key factors and drivers in the economies there. Chinese pride is resurgent in the region as a result. Singapore, for example, used to ban Chinese language education. Now it encourages it. If you add it all up what do you get? Well, if you remember before World War II, Japan had a vision for a greater Japanese co-prosperity sphere. What’s emerging today is what you might call a greater Chinese co-prosperity sphere. So no matter what the lines on the map tell you in terms of nations and borders, what you really have emerging in the far east are national cultures, but in a much more fluid, imperial zone. All of this is happening without firing a shot. That’s most certainly not the case in the Middle East where countries are still very uncomfortable in the borders left behind by European colonialists. So what can we do to think about borders differently in this part of the world? What lines on the map should we focus on? What I want to present to you is what I call state building, day by day. Let’s start with Iraq. Six years after the U.S. invasion of Iraq, the country still exists more on a map than it does in reality. Oil used to be one of the forces holding Iraq together; now it is the most significant cause of the country’s disintegration. The reason is Kurdistan. The Kurds for 3,000 years have been waging a struggle for independence, and now is their chance to finally have it. These are pipeline routes, which emerge from Kurdistan, which is an oil-rich region. And today, if you go to Kurdistan, you’ll see that Kurdish Peshmerga guerillas are squaring off against the Sunni Iraqi army. But what are they guarding? Is it really a border on the map? No. It’s the pipelines. If the Kurds can control their pipelines, they can set the terms of their own statehood. Now should we be upset about this, about the potential disintegration of Iraq? I don’t believe we should. Iraq will still be the second largest oil producer in the world, behind Saudi Arabia. And we’ll have a chance to solve a 3,000 year old dispute. Now remember Kurdistan is landlocked. It has no choice but to behave. In order to profit from its oil it has to export it through Turkey or Syria, and other countries, and Iraq itself. And therefore it has to have amicable relations with them. Now lets look at a perennial conflict in the region. That is, of course, in Palestine. Palestine is something of a cartographic anomaly because it’s two parts Palestinian, one part Israel. 30 years of rose garden diplomacy have not delivered us peace in this conflict. What might? I believe that what might solve the problem is infrastructure. Today donors are spending billions of dollars on this. These two arrows are an arc, an arc of commuter railroads and other infrastructure that link the West Bank and Gaza. If Gaza can have a functioning port and be linked to the West Bank, you can have a viable Palestinian state, Palestinian economy. That, I believe, is going to bring peace to this particular conflict. The lesson from Kurdistan and from Palestine is that independence alone, without infrastructure, is futile. Now what might this entire region look like if in fact we focus on other lines on the map besides borders, when the insecurities might abate? The last time that was the case was actually a century ago, during the Ottoman Empire. This is the Hejaz Railway. The Hejaz Railway ran from Istanbul to Medina via Damascus. It even had an offshoot running to Haifa in what is today Israel, on the Mediterranean Sea. But today the Hejaz Railway lies in tatters, ruins. If we were to focus on reconstructing these curvy lines on the map, infrastructure, that cross the straight lines, the borders, I believe the Middle East would be a far more peaceful region. Now let’s look at another part of the world, the former Soviet Republics of Central Asia, the ‘stans. These countries’ borders originate from Stalin’s decrees. He purposely did not want these countries to make sense. He wanted ethnicities to mingle in ways that would allow him to divide and rule. Fortunately for them, most of their oil and gas resources were discovered after the Soviet Union collapsed. Now I know some of you may be thinking, “Oil, oil, oil. Why is it all he’s talking about is oil?” Well, there is a big difference in the way we used to talk about oil and the way we’re talking about it now. Before it was, how do we control their oil? Now it’s their oil for their own purposes. And I assure you it’s every bit as important to them as it might have been to colonizers and imperialists. Here are just some of the pipeline projections and possibilities and scenarios and routes that are being mapped out for the next several decades. A great deal of them. For a number of countries in this part of the world, having pipelines is the ticket to becoming part of the global economy and for having some meaning besides the borders that they are not loyal to themselves. Just take Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan was a forgotten corner of the Caucuses, but now with the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline into Turkey, it has rebranded itself as the frontier of the west. Then there is Turkmenistan, which most people think of as a frozen basket case. But now it’s contributing gas across the Caspian Sea to provide for Europe, and even a potentially Turkmen- Afghan-Pakistan-India pipeline as well. Then there is Kazakhstan, which didn’t even have a name before. It was more considered South Siberia during the Soviet Union. Today most people recognize Kazakhstan as an emerging geopolitical player. Why? Because it has shrewdly designed pipelines to flow across the Caspian, north through Russia, and even east to China. More pipelines means more silk roads, instead of the Great Game. The Great Game connotes dominance of one over the other. Silk road connotes independence and mutual trust. The more pipelines we have, the more silk roads we’ll have, and the less of a dominant Great Game competition we’ll have in the 21st century. Now let’s look at the only part of the world that really has brought down its borders, and how that has enhanced its strength. And that is, of course, Europe. The European Union began as just the coal and steel community of six countries, and their main purpose was really to keep the rehabilitation of Germany to happen in a peaceful way. But then eventually it grew into 12 countries, and those are the 12 stars on the European flag. The E.U. also became a currency block, and is now the most powerful trade block in the entire world. On average, the E.U. has grown by one country per year since the end of the Cold War. In fact most of that happened on just one day. In 2004, 15 new countries joined the E.U. and now you have what most people consider a zone of peace spanning 27 countries and 450 million people. So what is next? What is the future of the European Union? Well in light blue, you see the zones or the regions that are at least two-thirds or more dependent on the European Union for trade and investment. What does that tell us? Trade and investment tell us that Europe is putting its money where its mouth is. Even if these regions aren’t part of the E.U., they are becoming part of its sphere of influence. Just take the Balkans. Croatia, Serbia Bosnia, they’re not members of the E.U. yet. But you can get on a German ICE train and make it almost to Albania. In Bosnia you use the Euro currency already, and that’s the only currency they’re probably ever going to have. So, looking at other parts of Europe’s periphery, such as North Africa. On average, every year or two, a new oil or gas pipeline opens up under the Mediterranean, connecting North Africa to Europe. That not only helps Europe diminish its reliance on Russia for energy, but if you travel to North Africa today, you’ll hear more and more people saying that they don’t really think of their region as the Middle East. So in other words, I believe that President Sarkozy of France is right when he talks about a Mediterranean union. Now let’s look at Turkey and the Caucasus. I mentioned Azerbaijan before. That corridor of Turkey and the Caucasus has become the conduit for 20 percent of Europe’s energy supply. So does Turkey really have to be a member of the European Union? I don’t think it does. I think it’s already part of a Euro-Turkish superpower. So what’s next? Where are we going to see borders change and new countries born? Well, South Central Asia, South West Asia is a very good place to start. Eight years after the U.S. invaded Afghanistan there is still a tremendous amount of instability. Pakistan and Afghanistan are still so fragile that neither of them have dealt constructively with the problem of Pashtun nationalism. This is the flag that flies in the minds of 20 million Pashtuns who live on both sides of the Afghan and Pakistan border. Let’s not neglect the insurgency just to the south, Balochistan. Two weeks ago, Balochi rebels attacked a Pakistani military garrison, and this was the flag that they raised over it. The post-colonial entropy that is happening around the world is accelerating, and I expect more such changes to occur in the map as the states fragment. Of course, we can’t forget Africa. 53 countries, and by far the most number of suspiciously straight lines on the map. If we were to look at all of Africa we could most certainly acknowledge far more, tribal divisions and so forth. But let’s just look at Sudan, the second-largest country in Africa. It has three ongoing civil wars, the genocide in Darfur, which you all know about, the civil war in the east of the country, and south Sudan. South Sudan is going to be having a referendum in 2011 in which it is very likely to vote itself independence. Now let’s go up to the Arctic Circle. There is a great race on for energy resources under the Arctic seabed. Who will win? Canada? Russia? The United States? Actually Greenland. Several weeks ago Greenland’s [60,000] people voted themselves self-governance rights from Denmark. So Denmark is about to get a whole lot smaller. What is the lesson from all of this? Geopolitics is a very unsentimental discipline. It’s constantly morphing and changing the world, like climate change. And like our relationship with the ecosystem we’re always searching for equilibrium in how we divide ourselves across the planet. Now we fear changes on the map. We fear civil wars, death tolls, having to learn the names of new countries. But I believe that the inertia of the existing borders that we have today is far worse and far more violent. The question is how do we change those borders, and what lines do we focus on? I believe we focus on the lines that cross borders, the infrastructure lines. Then we’ll wind up with the world we want, a borderless one. Thank you. (Applause)

Otis Rodgers

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100 COMMENTS

  1. tasnim aslam Posted on July 2, 2019 at 11:04 am

    An Indian will always be an Indian. Couldn't hide his bias

    Reply
  2. sahd ahsan Posted on July 2, 2019 at 2:20 pm

    Khanna fails to mention the fragmentation of India … Is it Rock solid?? it broke just 70 odd years ago…. Biased guy mentioned Baloch insurgency but didn't mention Kashmir or Khalistan…. rename it as Modi's TED Talk

    Reply
  3. Al Quinn Posted on July 3, 2019 at 1:44 am

    wtf are those maps rendered by Sega Master System?

    Reply
  4. Pacero Posted on July 3, 2019 at 1:46 am

    It all depends, how many bases, the mafia, has , over the world!

    Reply
  5. Al Quinn Posted on July 3, 2019 at 1:52 am

    8:54…whoa, RIP Israel

    Reply
  6. Munazza Khoso Posted on July 3, 2019 at 4:20 am

    What nonsense!! You people are afraid of the Kurds that they may revert to the Zangi era and create problems for you. Don’t you think we understand that?!!! The more Marxist they are and away from the righteous path the more secure you feel.

    Reply
  7. Imtiaz Mateen Posted on July 3, 2019 at 8:58 am

    ignored India and its internal insurgencies and separatist movements.

    Reply
  8. Claudio Saltara Posted on July 3, 2019 at 4:52 pm

    Great presentation. Bravo Parag!!

    Reply
  9. Kiri Thanassouli Posted on July 3, 2019 at 9:48 pm

    Sorry, but people still love their homelands families and cultures and do not want a borderless country.
    We are not only for progress in economics and geopolitical games but humans with many attributions.
    This concept is being rejected by the people affected by the open borders.
    Please stay everyone at home; we cannot take any more!

    Reply
  10. day tripper Posted on July 4, 2019 at 12:04 pm

    @8:00 so true and I think points to a fundamental flaw in u s globalization policy – we don't support exporting our people around the world to integrate with others. We just export exploitive capitalism which will enrich the few.

    Reply
  11. guzel beshbaliq Posted on July 5, 2019 at 1:53 am

    I'm surprised china doesn't have too many dots on the second map.

    Reply
  12. Share Greats Posted on July 5, 2019 at 4:23 pm

    A German saying goes like that: "Der Mensch denkt, und Gott lenkt." Which means in English: Man thinks, and God directs. Which is mostly interpreted like this: Things develop differently from what man expects in his imagination.

    Reply
  13. DUBLINTV Posted on July 7, 2019 at 3:51 pm

    This has not aged well at all. Shown to be full of fantasy and insane wishful thinking and GLOBALIST nonsense.

    Reply
  14. Bob Winters Posted on July 8, 2019 at 10:25 pm

    His most relevant comment was, "Geopolitics is an unsentimental discipline. It's constantly morphing and changing the world…"

    Reply
  15. Ashley Dean Posted on July 9, 2019 at 8:08 am

    Mr Khanna is a fanatical extremist Hindu who is on the payroll of the BJP-the biggest fanatical extremist terrorist organisation in the world.
    His clueless analysis are an affront to his dispicable and biased opinions.
    The first country to disintegrate is actually India.
    Kashmir is under Indian imperial occupation and an independence war had been going on in the region for over 70 years.
    Khalistan, the Sikh region in India is determined to gain their rightful independent from imperialist India. Western Bengal and Bihar want independent from india. So does Assam, Nagalan and Orissa.
    Southern regions joined on to India have nothing in common with Northern ruling states.
    States of Kanartaka , Tamil Nadu are all fighting for Independence from India.
    Summary.
    This guy is a paid puppet of the ruling tertorist BJP – the extemist terrorist organisation led by Modi ( head of this terrorist outfit).
    His speech is totally biased , intellectually defunct and politically motivated

    Reply
  16. Vitali vin Posted on July 9, 2019 at 3:02 pm

    so naive. so stupid. Any business will go for infrastructures anyway, so what is catch

    Reply
  17. James Frankson Tettey Posted on July 9, 2019 at 9:32 pm

    Good knowledge of geopolitics, but rather simplistic in his analysis and conclusions.

    Reply
  18. Shabir Kamran Posted on July 9, 2019 at 10:31 pm

    what an idiot, out of all countries, he chose Pakistan to predict break up into Pashtoon and Bloachastan. after 10 years of video, this has not happened.

    Reply
  19. Tabish Riaz Posted on July 11, 2019 at 4:54 am

    Yes Europe the zone of peace . Yes zone of peace for them selves only for all the other world specially the muslim world they r the war mongaring minions of america ,america who is the minion of Israeli Zionists

    Reply
  20. Tabish Riaz Posted on July 11, 2019 at 4:59 am

    Pakistan is fragile because of America's interference and baking of terrorist in Pakistan. America is destabilising pakistan on behalf of Israel. As these two zionist can not see a muslim secular detractors country. America is the terrorist in Pakistan

    Reply
  21. Tabish Riaz Posted on July 11, 2019 at 4:59 am

    I pray that America disintegrates as it wish for Pakistan ameen

    Reply
  22. Lebal De Vam Pire Posted on July 11, 2019 at 3:20 pm

    No voice ….why ????

    Reply
  23. pianomeister40 Posted on July 12, 2019 at 4:06 am

    I'll bet this guy wishes this video would just go away. It's not quite as inaccurate as TV preachers predicting the return of Jesus, but it's close.

    Reply
  24. Abba Dabba Posted on July 12, 2019 at 6:55 am

    All current Borders are Fake. Just take the US for example. Before White fella, tribes just had their own hunting lands. There were no Passports or Borders. This Fake system was invented by Kingdoms which believe they Actually Own God's Creation? How sick can a Mind get??

    Reply
  25. Andre aziz Posted on July 12, 2019 at 11:51 am

    You need associaate speakers on Abcazia -South Ousutia &Georgia

    Reply
  26. Andre aziz Posted on July 12, 2019 at 11:55 am

    Your assumptions very lean

    Reply
  27. VC YT Posted on July 12, 2019 at 7:51 pm

    2019 : the E.U now secretly props up giant debt-ridden nations an companies, an then tells people to trust them. Hah.

    Reply
  28. Doug Boyd Posted on July 12, 2019 at 8:07 pm

    A borderless world. A world without barriers or fences. It sounds like a good plan to enable peace and prosperity. Unfortunately the universe has within it criminal minds, who, given free access, will steal assets that are now unprotected. The magic hand of greed will be unregulated. If you have no nation states then the most powerful institutions will be corporations who's policies will be calculated to maximise profit by artificial intelligence. Human beings are not homogenous. They are as different from each other as birds are different. Force them into one melting pot and they will still separate from each other like curdling milk. Just look air cities in the USA. Each culture is separate from the other. A borderless world will leave a fragmented population that can be subjugated by political power, just as Stalin did. Free trade, good idea. Open borders, terrible idea.

    Reply
  29. neovask Posted on July 13, 2019 at 3:18 pm

    I'd love to have a borderless world provided I'm THE king / ruler / owner. Otherwise, come near my borders at your own risk.

    Reply
  30. Suresh Veeramachaneni Posted on July 15, 2019 at 6:22 am

    Great Ted talk! Awesome!!

    Reply
  31. Murat Doner Posted on July 15, 2019 at 8:44 am

    There is no country called Kürdistan

    Reply
  32. obi one Posted on July 16, 2019 at 2:19 am

    If there are no boarders there is no culture. Boarders are for safety and keeping unwanted people out. Its common sense people wake up before its to late. We are all pawns in this game called life, if there was no money and we could get rid of the evil in the world and start doing things just to do start helping either get to a better world with boarders. Money is the root of all evil

    Reply
  33. drinkmoresoda Posted on July 16, 2019 at 3:06 am

    bullshit ted sucks

    Reply
  34. Furious Eagle Posted on July 16, 2019 at 6:50 pm

    He Was Damn Right About CHINA

    Reply
  35. TILEN FABE Posted on July 18, 2019 at 3:16 pm

    Montenegro uses Euro, not Bosnia.

    Reply
  36. Mickey 007 Posted on July 20, 2019 at 10:24 am

    What about the borderless world?
    Seems more like a US scripted rant against China.

    Reply
  37. Valentin Arzola Posted on July 21, 2019 at 1:25 pm

    Wow! Interesting to look at how wrong his predictions 10 years ago were versus today. Brexit wasn't even in the picture.

    Reply
  38. B F Posted on July 21, 2019 at 5:13 pm

    anyone reading this could have made a speech on TED and gotten the same results.

    Reply
  39. Padmanabh Jadhao Posted on July 22, 2019 at 11:13 am

    Wrong Indian Map though.

    Reply
  40. Padmanabh Jadhao Posted on July 22, 2019 at 11:23 am

    Great Informative Video. 👍👍👍

    Reply
  41. Pierre Normandeau Posted on July 22, 2019 at 3:38 pm

    "After the pole shift the Earth begins rotating again, with its new poles in the same relative position to the Solar System as today. In other words, whatever part of the Earth is North, magnetically, after the shift, will become the new North Pole. The pole shift, with consequent realignment of the poles, will place the New Equator over formerly frozen lands. Greenland, Canada, Alaska, Siberia, and Europe will be affected by the new equator. This will not mean that these areas will be lush, right away. The temperate zones, not all that lush to begin with, will find themselves after the cataclysms in a warm state, but with little vegetation. Past cataclysms have regularly rearranged the Earth's geography and climate zones, as the Earth attests. The continents, once one large land mass, were torn apart, temperate or tropical areas suddenly freezing up and covering over with ice and snow that never melts, and frozen wastelands gradually melting and warming to sustain life once again. Mountains in mountain building areas were pushed higher and subducting plates were suddenly slid under the overplate.http://www.zetatalk.com/poleshft/p10.htm

    Reply
  42. Alperen Atalay Posted on July 22, 2019 at 10:06 pm

    First off all Kurdistan Thats not a country, it called north Irak !
    And the gerilla you are calling are terrorist pkk pyd etc.. created by Mossad CIA !

    Reply
  43. Kanwal Posted on July 23, 2019 at 5:52 am

    Trump has tumbled China hence it is difficult for her to expand borders!!

    Reply
  44. Nizar Pradhan Posted on July 23, 2019 at 11:58 am

    what about India (Kashmir, Kalistan), China portrayed very negatively (greater china). Felt bias, but good try.

    Reply
  45. M T Posted on July 25, 2019 at 9:51 pm

    Lol! He did fairly average in debate show in Singapore. He supported China while audience across the world and event supported the opponent who rooted for India as next super power in 2030 by 70%

    Reply
  46. Amparo Alvarez Posted on July 27, 2019 at 2:07 am

    Globalization is not a good thing from a viewpoint of a man…Identity is more important than trying to make everybody look like robots…because that is what this would be…No one on earth can dictate what all nations should look like…and the reason why is not happening it is because this is a job for God Himself…Not any particular individual person…And you came out from London where the many business deals are done from taking away from others…(DO DEEP DIGGING INTO ANYTHING ABOUT "THE CITY OF LONDON" AND YOU WILL KNOW)

    Reply
  47. chetan kumar Ghodke Posted on July 27, 2019 at 4:53 pm

    I did not see the date published before viewing the video. It was probably valid then, in 2009. Today, only some things have turned out correct.

    Reply
  48. James Herrick Posted on July 28, 2019 at 2:49 pm

    Things have definitely changed

    Reply
  49. Polish Hero Witold Pilecki Posted on July 29, 2019 at 10:49 pm

    China has such huge problems! Aging of society through the one-child policy. Which has since been replaced by the two-child policy! In 2012, the fertility rate averaged 1.55 children per woman, putting the PRC at 181th place in the world (out of 224). The massive oppression of minorities and the resistance against it. Hong Kong. The corrupt political system! Extreme dependence on exports. Dependency of food imports. The probable intensification of the conflict with the US and thus inevitably with the entire West and so on.
    These Super China predicts reminds a lot of the predicts from the 80's of Super Japan! And does Japan dominate the whole world today?

    Reply
  50. Polish Hero Witold Pilecki Posted on July 29, 2019 at 10:59 pm

    European Empire? A good joke!

    Reply
  51. PAVANZYL Posted on July 31, 2019 at 1:04 am

    I most certainly don't want a border-less world, and that, I believe, applies to most people.

    Reply
  52. Leo 晨洋 Liu Posted on August 1, 2019 at 6:56 pm

    what you should take out of this is things are changing. and infrastructure with trade brings people together.

    Reply
  53. StangGT Fan Posted on August 2, 2019 at 6:35 pm

    Blah blah blah. Invalid 10 years ago, invalid now, invalid 45 years later.

    Reply
  54. hiphopopposomus Posted on August 3, 2019 at 6:11 pm

    bosnia uses mark , montenegro is i think what he means , thy use euro

    Reply
  55. Korean Justdaisy Posted on August 4, 2019 at 11:57 pm

    Where is Kurdistan ? Where is it? There aren`t.

    Reply
  56. Ali Qasim Posted on August 5, 2019 at 1:49 pm

    What about Kashmir separating from India?

    Reply
  57. S Gill Posted on August 5, 2019 at 3:28 pm

    The Turks won't allow a independent Kurdistan.

    Reply
  58. Usama Khan PAK Posted on August 6, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Offcousre we can hear from a parag khanna that pakistan has a problem with pashtuns and balochs and a split more likely to happen .. but what abt kashmir and khalistan ..at such level he should not be so biased and unfair…

    Reply
  59. Holdin Muhl Posted on August 6, 2019 at 1:05 am

    The driving force will be climate change. Mr. Khanna wasn't aware of this.
    The world is developing very fast. The need to solve the problem of distribution of the population and to co-ordinate world (not only but not least economic and ecologic) policy became urgent.
    If the nations will not solve this we may forget about the whole civilization.

    Reply
  60. mu Kh Posted on August 6, 2019 at 10:24 am

    Lol hahaha a joke Indian in American accent still Indian and show his biased and small loliee . Not a word of Kashmir where 800k Indian army opressing innocent kashmiris. Never trust an Indian never

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  61. Andy. Dutta Posted on August 6, 2019 at 11:46 am

    he got me at "EU being the zone of peace". not in 2019

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  62. Nitin Kshirsagar Posted on August 6, 2019 at 1:49 pm

    great…….. u were right.

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  63. The Leopard Posted on August 6, 2019 at 4:51 pm

    Nothing about india and khalistan, lol never trust an indian

    Reply
  64. Darth Jajar Posted on August 6, 2019 at 8:56 pm

    According to this guy the Americas do not exist, completely ignored. Canada, Mexico, and Brazil alone will surpass all of Europe's GDP within 50 years, but ok, there is no such thing as North and South America.

    Reply
  65. Valeriy Kamnev Posted on August 7, 2019 at 3:19 pm

    Stupid video. The guy doesn't know what he is talking about.

    Reply
  66. mbalu Posted on August 7, 2019 at 4:43 pm

    im quite surprised that being an indian immigrant he did not utter a word about India, neither did he speak about US Mexico. So i guess he is afraid of both belonging of former and living in latter..

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  67. Hill bill Posted on August 7, 2019 at 5:00 pm

    He's an idiot

    Reply
  68. AnimeShowTv Posted on August 7, 2019 at 5:51 pm

    What a load of bullshit

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  69. Magic Mark Posted on August 8, 2019 at 8:24 pm

    The population of Russia is 145 million, not less than 100 million.
    If he can't get that right he probably knows very little about anything else he's talking about.
    I'm calling major BS on this guy.

    Reply
  70. Abdullah Awan Posted on August 9, 2019 at 12:23 am

    Mr.Parag Khanna ,Indian origin spits venom as usual. he said that insurgency in Pakistan's province is going to be separated and border will change. but his intentions & wishes went in all vain. It's true India instigated insurgency and terrorism in Pakistan but India got failed. It's 2019, Pakistan is determined because people of Baluchistan province wants to remain with Pakistan. They had rejected & torn Indian agenda. Even they caught Indian ARMED force officer and terrorist khulbhushan..he was responsible for bomb-blasts , espionage ,instability & violence in Pakistan

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  71. Jalendu Vaidya Posted on August 9, 2019 at 7:46 pm

    he has thoughts but no vision.

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  72. Faheem Shahwani Posted on August 10, 2019 at 12:31 am

    #FreeBalochistan

    Reply
  73. Inception Aaghaz Posted on August 10, 2019 at 8:59 pm

    Your plans about Pakistan failed badly..

    Reply
  74. Wajdan Khan Posted on August 11, 2019 at 3:23 am

    I am Proud Pakhtoon, A PROUD PAKISTANI! Long live PAKISTAN! Those who talk about Pakhtoonistan or Separate Balochistan don't know the ground reality "PAKISTAN HAI TU HUM HAIN!"

    Reply
  75. Ramapati Tiwari Posted on August 13, 2019 at 1:05 pm

    At least I'm agree on Balochistan and Pakhtunistan.
    Sooner or later they will become two sovereign nations in South Asia.

    Reply
  76. Freedom together Posted on August 14, 2019 at 11:18 am

    Infrastructure today is smart tech. 1974 U.N declared a New International Economic Order. Control of all resources and we are considered animals/resources. See technocracy.news Patrick Woods leading expert

    Reply
  77. mmmail1969 Posted on August 14, 2019 at 2:47 pm

    This nonsense is just code for huge numbers of people from the 2nd/3rd world, emptying out to a handful of "white man" countries, cause that's where the vast bulk want to be!

    Reply
  78. gary robinson Posted on August 14, 2019 at 7:39 pm

    Lmao they were planning on the NWO. Thank God for President Trump and the emerging nationalist leaders emerging across the world.

    Reply
  79. Tarun Tripathi Posted on August 14, 2019 at 9:44 pm

    India was not created , India was divided

    Reply
  80. Dipankar de sarkar Posted on August 15, 2019 at 2:58 am

    Wastage of time most people know of it nothing new or innovative

    Reply
  81. Alan B'Stard M P Posted on August 15, 2019 at 3:33 am

    global warming nonsense. Many parts of the world are uninhabitable. Globalisation is bad news but the nation states make their own decisions. China is a menace. Nations should nationalise their banks. Nation states are there for a reason

    Reply
  82. Manzoor Elahi Posted on August 15, 2019 at 3:36 pm

    Very interesting.

    Reply
  83. syed zubair Posted on August 17, 2019 at 10:55 am

    Our God gives us 1 world but kings and politicians make boundaries. Divide humans than easy to rule. nationalism is a act of evil ..let's make this world no borderline..

    Reply
  84. A. P. Posted on August 17, 2019 at 9:45 pm

    It is fun to watch 10 years later how stupid those experts were. Their predictions never came even close

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  85. Arsenal F.C Posted on August 22, 2019 at 8:52 pm

    One thing we failed to analyse that Modi would come in 2014.

    Reply
  86. nitz vision Posted on August 26, 2019 at 2:54 pm

    This guy get its payroll from china

    Reply
  87. RADIO BAKWAS Posted on August 27, 2019 at 2:26 am

    Mr , khana knows 2 years old Bluchistan probleme in pakistan but he dont know 500 years historylogical & since 1947 big political issue in india pakistan Kashmeer issue its not fear .

    Reply
  88. akbar ali Posted on August 29, 2019 at 10:54 am

    An indian talking about world. hahahahahaha
    Now its time for indian demographics.

    Reply
  89. shivam more Posted on August 30, 2019 at 3:04 pm

    Predictions are very true. Today Chinese farmers are farming land in Russia. So they are buying.

    Reply
  90. Rishabh Shukla Posted on August 30, 2019 at 5:53 pm

    China la bhut bada vala chaplus hai ise Kai debate Mai dekaha.

    Reply
  91. Crizmer Posted on September 2, 2019 at 11:10 am

    False Map! Why the majority of North Eastern areas of Pakistan including Lahore city are shown as parts of India rather than Pakistan? What about this kind of ill mentality Indians have and they think about teaching the world???

    Reply
  92. sridam biswas Posted on September 4, 2019 at 4:48 am

    Africa is the most unstable continent with most number of civil wars!

    Reply
  93. neotribe urja pvt ltd Posted on September 4, 2019 at 8:22 am

    Pakistan will not on map …it will brake in balochistan …pashtonistan ..sindhudesh…n punjab…

    Reply
  94. Koksal Ceylan Posted on September 4, 2019 at 3:14 pm

    The Kurdish map,Ha ha ha. it 2019 His Map is totaly in the trashcan,proven false alrady in 2013.

    Reply
  95. Koksal Ceylan Posted on September 4, 2019 at 3:23 pm

    EuroTurkish Super power sounds Just perfect, But its also a TurkishRussian Super power to. and Its a AmericanTurkish Super power to. In the Middle East its a Turkishisrael Super power,in the East its a TurkishIranian super power!.
    Dont forget Central Asia,the balkanic Turkish power.

    Reply
  96. Enkhjargal Hatantuul Posted on September 7, 2019 at 4:11 pm

    Mongolian are 10 millions. In mongol and russia and China.
    We can fight china and russia

    Reply
  97. Fleanis Werkhardt Posted on September 8, 2019 at 9:46 am

    04:48 – ' ….over 100 million people , that's larger than the entire population of Russia.' . That is not true. Russia's population is significantly greater than 100 million.

    Reply
  98. Rajeeb Barma Posted on September 8, 2019 at 5:46 pm

    One rule doesn't work for all.. it needs a more organic one

    Reply
  99. Shehzad Aslam Posted on September 11, 2019 at 5:06 pm

    How come so much knowledge compress in a single man. It is amazing.

    Reply
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