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Rise of the Witch


Hello friends, how are you? I’m Arith Härger. And today I’m going to talk about the rise of the witch this is the season of the witch until at least Yule the dark veil will envelop the world in mystery and dreams that report back to primordial memories so today I’m going to talk about the origins of the concept of the witch and its development over the course of time and the Influence of mythologies, religions and persecution I do hope you enjoy this October video in our modern world since the adoption of monotheistic religious perceptions that have quickly developed into political organizations much of the old ways have been either forgotten or Twisted in such a way that at some point we willingly forsaken our roots when lies became the universal truth Even in neo-paganism much of this attitude towards the religious Was still brought into the attempts to recreate ancient spiritualities we have often made, and still make, the mistake of bringing modern ways of thinking into into spiritualities that in the past the mindset of the people who practiced such spiritualities- was absolutely, completely different from ours in the ancient world magic was part of the everyday lives of our ancestors even to this day in the archaeological record It’s still quite hard to make a clear separation between magic and religion Maybe we archaeologists are trying too hard to find this separation that simply did not exist in the past bringing our modern perceptions of the spiritual, the religious and the supernatural into the past just doesn’t work well when making interpretations of what we find of ancient cultures Magic was without a doubt part of the religious life. There was no religion without magical performances and rituals But as cultures grew and new religions emerged witchcraft and the people who practiced it Became twisted notions that cause fear and doubt Demonized in such a way that in our ignorance we were even capable of causing harm to those We once called loved ones we have pointed fingers and Labeled someone a witch and we have sealed that person’s fate forever We condemned such people to a horrible end Once being a witch was something to be praised and revered. People sought a witch for all sorts of things for healing, divination wisdom, to solve problems, to have hope, even to bring life into this world and death and also for comfort until someone decided it was wrong Almost every culture across the modern world recognizes the concept of a witch Certainly, with a few variations here and there, but all in all we have come to a point that the which represents something- dark and sinister something to be feared and as our societies became more detached from what was once magical and pure the figure of the witch became even more twisted and we have fervently tried to bury the sensitivity required to be in contact with the supernatural In exchange for a life within the confinements of a religious structure and praying to an entity so unfamiliar and foreigner to us To men, it wasn’t easy to bury our sensitive side But we did it we went from wild creatures of nature to tamed beasts in a cage We men are good, now, in burying emotions and the slightest hint of something more sensitive we just crush it and move on with our lives and then we wonder why we are so alone and the divine entities of the world and the cosmos don’t speak to us But luckily for men, women still retain their sensitive side even though we have also tried to bury their sensitiveness and because we couldn’t entirely do it, the sensitiveness women were able to maintain or retain We have called it witchcraft and witchcraft became known as the dark side of femininity Both men and women were once sensitive to the natural world and all that surrounds us but certain religious notions prevented us from being humans from being in tune with life itself Witchcraft became solely a dark side of women, so man couldn’t possibly practice witchcraft or they were labeled effeminate and condemned Women couldn’t practice witchcraft either because it was an affront Towards the good conduct and well-tamed behavior of men It is quite sad indeed to so willingly- Accepting religions that deny sensitivity in all of us. Denied the humanity in us But in all truth the witch is a woman, and a man, who cannot be controlled by what religious organizations dictate and the shallow illusions of right and wrong imposed by a society that tries to turn us all into well-behaved followers seeking the same delusional fantasy of salvation But of course it wasn’t always like this The notions of witches and witchcraft have been tempered over centuries of mythology Religions and persecution the earliest versions of witches- couldn’t be more different from the sinister image we have rooted in our minds for far too long witches were healers and bastions of society In many ancient societies female deities were worshipped and the holiest of rituals surrounding them were performed by women trained for that same purpose even male gods practiced witchcraft and bestowed their powers to both men and women Magic was everywhere Witchcraft was everywhere Witches were once known as wise women and were seen as crucial to the societies they lived in They would stand beside Chieftains, Kings, armies would come to them for sacred rituals and people even relied on them to deliver babies The witch was adored and revered in ancient societies so how on earth the figure of the witch was transformed into the personification of evil and Misfortune we recognize today? the figure of the witch or rather the wise woman start to lose its importance, at least in the old European continent, precisely with the indo-europeans What I’m going to say next will certainly bother – Thank the gods – even enrage many neo-pagans who for some reason only choose to cling on the historical facts that best suits them So Here’s something, again, they don’t teach you at fancy lad school when indo-europeans expanded westwards their male-dominated culture which focused on the power of warriors war and fierce male sky gods they overtook the gentler and passive female deities that had previously ruled all over Europe there are plenty of evidences that with the coming of the indo-europeans the perceptions of magic and the females who practiced it, even males changes upon the development of male-dominated societies and religions You see, many neo-pagans love to talk about indo-europeans as the “true ancestors” of the modern Europeans but maybe aren’t you forgetting that there were actual people in the old continent before indo-europeans? Those with the r1b mutation that happened around 20,000 years bc and spread it all over europe from the west into the east and north Aren’t those the r1b haplogroup the actual Assessors of Europeans? The people of the West Atlantic that were here before Indo- Europeans invaded from the East are we just going to pretend that Europe was empty before indo- Europeans? The truth is, and as it is seen in the archaeological record before indo- Europeans, most European natives had matriarchal societies and others that didn’t have something concrete that tells us they were in a matriarchal society at least the great majority of them- of their gods- were female we have plenty of evidences of earth-mother goddesses The sun was female, the feminine spirit of animals that were the embodiment of feminine fertility powers The sun was the embodiment of the feminine power that sustained life Mostly in prehistoric Europe, the sun was regarded as female Especially by tribal communities whose animistic concepts of the spiritual were very firm and well preserved We can clearly see that the Sun worship of the ancient world of prehistoric times the sun’s feminine gender is entwined with the veneration of the earth goddess as a symbol of divine source With the rise of the indo-european sky gods and religious notions around the warrior cult and the male sky gods of war the male gender enters in the Sun worship alongside with the female Sun when indo-europeans finally come into Europe and come in contact with the natives of Europe it’s curious because we have indications in many myths that when in the European religious beliefs In sky deities come in contact with various Ancient European indigenous solar goddesses there is a marriage between sky gods and sky goddesses so… This is the moment when the female figures starts to be kept aside from the religious life or in the greatest majority were kept in just specific cults linked to older female goddesses while the warrior sky gods started to dominate the societies the old native worshipping of female goddesses of Europe wasn’t wiped out with the Europeans But it was incorporated, but it was also indeed overshadowed by the new male sky gods Indo-european sky gods from the east You know which other religions later on in history also came from the east and also based on the cult of a male sky god? yes, you know it. Something to think about. I think one of the best ways to understand how the witch came to be regarded as a figure of evil is of course the examination of the various mythological figures The actual mystical wise woman Became a common archetype in many mythologies of the ancient world perhaps the best example of this perception of the wise woman, the which being the personification of the dark feminine side is Lilith Lilith is a figure from the Jewish mythology Said to be a promiscuous demon of the night who kidnaps children Lilith was portrayed in some later accounts as Leading poor Adam astray from his path of righteousness and purity and leaving the Garden of Eden after she refuses to be subservient to him Lilith was a figure to be feared a woman with powers who used them to torment others in all truth she was the figure of the woman that has free thinking, which was highly condemned in such societies and the stories of these societies are fueled with the male centric religious notions and of course whatever practices women had It was forbidden The teachings of witchcraft were seen as dangerous and outlawed as pagan practices for the Jewish people encountering societies that worshipped female gods, it was a way to establish their own religious dominance To them such societies were in the wrong and were a bunch of pagans practicing witchcraft Greek mythology also features many female figures who practiced magic But their portrayal is not quite as fatal as that of the Jewish Lilith, although in the Greek society- Women didn’t have a lot of power. In fact, they were quite submissive has they lived in a male-dominated society So do pay close attention to that the Greeks were pagans, but not every pagan society treated their women in the same way It highly depends on the religious administration of the society that dictates how things should be conducted within the society itself But for instance instead of Lilith The Greeks had Medea, an ancient Greek figure of a sorceress who helped Jason during his quest providing him with spells, potions and magic Traditionally Medea ends up happily married to Jason and they have children together Medea plays the beneficial role of a helper providing magic for the male hero right?! and in Greek myth magic is a positive thing Medea is a good account to understand the mind of ancient Greeks towards women and magic Magic was good Women provided it, but women “should know their place” in the Greek society Because they had the duty to help man and marry them and have babies. So you see… There was the acceptance of magic since the Greeks, well, they were a pagan society But a warrior society as well ruled by a male sky god Zeus Sowomen weren’t that free in the Greek society as some neo-pagans try to pass on even in the Greek myths the female figures, the goddesses are subjugated to the will of the male God, father of all the gods and if they don’t do as Zeus says they are in big trouble Now… Making a satire out of this and if you are a woman you won’t probably find this funny and might as well just hang myself to avoid aggravation but ancient Jewish society towards women was like: “You can’t practice magic and go to the kitchen and make me a sandwich” ancient Greek society towards women: “You can practice magic, but go to the kitchen and make me a sandwich” This mindset in ancient Greece, in the ancient Greek society, is precisely thanks to- indo-europeans into-european religious beliefs in male sky gods and the contact with native european cultures whose religious beliefs were around the female figure and her role as priestess and provider of magic with indo-europeans the woman gained- the place as a servant of men and provider of magic, spells, potions, divination and so on wise women lost the role as Figures who presided over the communities and conducted all sorts of religious ceremonies and rituals This is why in many societies or cultures to this day that preserved animistic concepts of the supernatural Therefore their spiritualities are much more shamanic in nature in such societies the great majority of cases The shaman of the tribe or community is female because such societies did not retain in their culture the religious notion of the cult of the male sky god or gods and preferred to keep the older forms of faith Anyway, as the Greek society evolves and becomes even more focused on the male figure so does the myth evolved and changed? Greatly changed in Odyssey for instance, Circe, an enchantress who lives with her wild animals on the island of Aeaea Is portrayed as a dangerous woman who transforms Odysseus’ men into pigs She uses potions, casts magic with a wand, and even makes herself invisible Odysseus defeats her because the male god Hermes gives him a magic root Which he uses against Circe Circe swears an oath not to use any more magic against the hero and then ends up as a servant feeding Odysseus’ entire crew and even sleeps with the hero See this here? In this version the subjugation of the woman is intensified and we start to see magic being forbidden The very thing that still gave some power to women in the Greek society So this is already a society trying to take away all the power women had left The myths and legends aren’t just stories They reflect the mentality of a society and how that mentality was influenced by religion and subsequently influenced the entire way of life of that society So the outcome of Cersei is a happy one for the male hero, but not for the female figure the powerful woman who tried to trick and fool men Finally accepts “her rightful place” as a lover and homemaker This Greek society Would HIGHLY influence Rome and Rome would come up with Christianity which was a political construction to control the Roman province of Judea Christianity based on both Roman and Jewish religious conceptions and as said before, such religious conceptions did not see women and magic as something benevolent and it was Rome that spread Christianity into Europe later on leading to the persecution of witches conducted by the Catholic Church, and the mass murders with Protestantism a chain of events Horrible events But continue on with the ancient Greek society Because indeed they had a lot of influence all over Europe Not just them but through Rome itself and their classical accounts in great part Were the sources of great study conducted by the Christians Precisely to construct the basis of their own religion In the ancient Greek society The damaging portrayals of magical women who did not have control over their impulses Was even more augmented with time For instance, Lamia, everybody loves this female demon Lamia was in fact, or began as a beautiful queen, who somehow turned into a terrifying being who devours children Does this reminds you of Lilith? Yeah Lamia is portrayed in some versions as a demonic woman with the Serpent’s tail below the waist Just as lilith was also linked to the serpent, and guess what? – in some versions of the Garden of Eden story The tempting serpent is portrayed as a woman Please do watch my video about the serpent of paganism if you have the time, of course, obviously The serpent was a powerful pagan symbol Which started to be turned into a symbol of demonic power a symbol of fear and witchcraft Precisely to be turned against the pagans themselves In the Greek society and later on across the European early Middle Age, Lamia became a famous figure of great fear One that mothers would often use to threaten their children with, to encourage good behavior So it is somewhat easy to see how tales of this frightening demonic woman could be spread into society and altered the perception of magic and what the women who practiced it were capable of The Greeks themselves Were not against magic, mind that. In fact, they had their own form of religious magic Surrounding rituals to invoke the power of gods What they were against were women who “did not know their place” in ancient Greek society Ancient Greek women received death sentences for distributing bewitching drugs and uttering spells The Greeks believed in magic and were so afraid of it that they campaigned to eradicate magic from society entirely State-controlled magic was seen as acceptable, but magic in the hands of lower classes especially poor women was regarded as dangerous and those who practiced it were in big trouble if caught As Roman culture in great part was heavily influenced by Greek myth These common perceptions of demonic beings and the good obedient motherly woman still held great influence the Romans also openly acknowledge the use of magic in fact it became part of the Society’s state religion, but just like in Greece, in Rome the religion was controlled by the upper classes and was directly connected to Roman law When the Empire encountered new religions or cults that also possessed magical performances or dealing with magic in general this was seen as sacrilegious and dangerous to the balance of the patriarchal power in Rome Magic was the only power women had left across Europe, outside the classical world The Romans just like the Greeks hated powerful women even though both men and women practiced witchcraft the persecution fell on women either on the lower classes or in the new conquered provinces or Foreigner to the empire and so with the Roman Empire finally witchcraft was labeled “black magic” and those who practiced it were condemned by Roman law The practicing of burning witches occurred in Rome far before it became commonplace for Christians This method in Rome started to be used also against those who practiced other religions Precisely to secure the religion of the state or in other words to secure the control and empower the state had You know what’s funny in this? Well funny in the most twisted and horrible way obviously, but early Christians were occasionally accused of practicing black magic in ancient Rome precisely because they had a different religion from that of the Roman state and then Christians later on who were nothing more than Romans would continue to practice the same crimes that they themselves had been victims of Christianity is a Roman invention. So they kept a lot of beliefs and laws and religious conceptions of the classical world to finalize this video I would like to talk a bit about a goddess that had great influence in ancient Rome and I have noticed, it’s curious among Neo-pagans, especially in England, this goddess is quite famous. I’m talking about Isis Isis the Egyptian goddess, of course, obviously the cult of Isis was incredibly powerful in ancient Rome and it actually threatened to extinguish the early vestiges of Christianity Isis wasn’t just worshipped in Egypt and Rome itself, but throughout the Roman Empire This female goddess was not only Presented as a perfect mother and wife, but also a goddess of magic In the Roman Empire her cult became a well structured religion and it developed side by side with Christianity It’s actually even quite possible that the image of Isis being this heavenly mother who has a son who is a prophesized son of kings Might indeed have influenced early Christianity But the worship of Isis and Christianity, two religions simply not compatible sooner or later one religion would have to erase the other and given the previous explanations and the Roman mentality towards women of power a goddess whose power was growing was quite dangerous And so to the Romans it was preferable to stick with a religion focused on the worship of a male sky-god Christianity Isis and her magic were regarded as evil pagan beliefs Thus Christianity spread and the cult of Isis and the worship of any other pagan deities was outlawed Christianity developed over the years Witchcraft was seen as a running counter to religion classified as to be associated with the devil and in fact witchcraft simply did not exist in the minds of Christians- early Christians To the point that it was classified as superstition and as such anyone who practiced witchcraft was seen as delusional due to being Deceived by the devil, and could and should be executed the Bible itself states and I quote: “Anyone who casts spells or is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead, is detestable by the Lord” and “do not allow a sorceress to live” Christianity was establishing itself on a society still with many pagan cults and religions Christianity was in direct opposition to almost all the religions around it and such religions believed witchcraft was an essential part of many of the religious performances So Christianity took on the role to execute everyone around them because Christians firmly believed that witchcraft was superstition and because all the other religions were seen as obviously “political parties” in direct competition with Christianity itself Just like the Greeks Hebrews and the Romans before them Christians used magic and witchcraft as a scapegoat and a way of demonizing all those who were different and did not wish to become Christians all those who kept the old faiths of their ancestors As Europe enters in the Middle Ages well, you know how it was like concerning witch trials and executions It excavated over the years and it was especially terrible with Protestantism, already in the 16th century, of course, Modern Age The views against witchcraft and those who practiced magic were a response to religions spreading and encountering mysterious belief systems that ran in opposition to their own The depictions in myth we have seen previously Were idealized images of how society and specially women should behave everything was political so in conclusion, we start to see the degradation of the figure of the wise woman when Indo-europeans spread into Old Europe and brought their sky gods and their male-dominated culture This highly influenced many ancient societies including the Greeks and subsequently the Roman society But the classical societies and their hate for powerful women that threatened to bring down the patriarchal dominance of the state was augmented with the contact with Jewish traditions, Hebrew to be more precise that in their myths and religious conceptions made sure to take out the power of women as they were also a patriarchal culture relying on the power of a male sky-god Jewish tradition and the Roman tradition Made a very twisted cocktail called early Christianity which would spread all over Europe fomenting even more the degradation of the figure of the wise woman Leading to persecution and mass murders of thousands of women and also man and children accused of practicing witchcraft because in all honesty their old pagan ways were a threat to the political and religious power of the elite All right, my dear friends I hope you have enjoyed this video listen, if you have been around this channel for some time What I’m about to say next, you know I’m not bragging about my own work But I think a great part of the content of this video will be quite useful not only for men in general but for pagans both men and women you all know my tenacious and fervent criticism towards Christianity, but Sometimes we have to put such things aside and accept the facts, the historical truth Christianity indeed caused a lot of horrors and it was terrible for pagans and non pagans but Christianity didn’t spontaneously appeared and started killing people at random Everything… every belief, myth, legend, concept, idea, etc. Has its origins in some point in time, and the truth is: not everything in ancient pagan societies was good benevolent, dances in the forest, rainbows and orgies and I am by all definitions a pagan But we must take into consideration that pagans just like Christians or any other religious group were, and are, humans and Humans are easily influenced by those who subjugate them to their laws politics, religions, etc. So the true problem in here is the religions we blindly follow without questioning why they exist in the first place So if you find this video useful, please do share it with those you think should listen to the content of this video, obviously and thank you so much for watching See you on the next video. Happy Samhain and Halloween and please go on children of the wilds, do go out there and run into the night and howl at the moon Enjoy this time of the year tack för idag!
(Thank you for today!)

Otis Rodgers

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100 COMMENTS

  1. Azur Astellan Freyjafottir Posted on October 30, 2019 at 10:52 am

    It looks like you have cat ears sometimes 😀 thank you. I think all neopagans should know all that..

    Reply
  2. L. Henrique 7 Posted on October 30, 2019 at 11:11 am

    Good video Arith! Persecutions is not exclusivity of religious people. The fear of Witchers, Magicians and ocultist in general is an automatic subconsciouness selfdefense similiar to an prey front to an predator. Persecutions allways occurred bc and ad Christ…

    Reply
  3. Miles Williams Posted on October 30, 2019 at 11:13 am

    Great video, very indepth. I do have to disagree with what you said about Greeks. For one thing, you're sure to mispeak if addressing all Greeks in general terms, they were quite diverse and eclectic. Earliest Greeks are the inheritors of the ancient European culture that seems to have flickered out at last in Crete which was matriarchal. Athena was part of this inheritance and one of the most well known Greek states took her name which makes some strong suggestions about their society, at least in its early days. The last word I have heard on gender roles in ancient Greece, the men did the gathering and officially did the politicing. But the women were well known to pull their husband's strings and influence local politics through social means. The laws around doweries and lines of inheritance show that perhaps the ancient Greeks took a different view of the arrangement we are seeing as Patriarchal. I'm not saying Greece was a utopia of equality, but that over time as we get closer to our own times we see cultural trends more similar to what is familiar to us. If we look at the earliest European cultures we know of we do see matriachy and patriarchy seems to be a reaction to it, a fusion of the indo European New comers mindset as well as the friction we always see between the old and the new as cultures changed due to time as well as the intentional changes comming from the indo Europeans

    Reply
  4. teresa branquinho figueiredo Posted on October 30, 2019 at 11:16 am

    I'm delighted, I think your work is getting better every day!

    It meets the interest of your subscribers and matches the expectations.

    It is wonderful to see the evolution and quality of the content, once again I congratulate you, Mr. Arith.

    Reply
  5. MrShockotaco Posted on October 30, 2019 at 11:18 am

    Where is a good place to start for someone interested in learning more about reconstruction of the old ways without holding a doctorate in scandanavian prehistory! Most of the available literature available (especially in North America) is tainted with post paganism taboo! I just want to properly venerate nature and my ancestors without crossing wires, receiving or giving bad information.

    Reply
  6. teresa branquinho figueiredo Posted on October 30, 2019 at 11:20 am

    I know that your daily work is to prepare with commitment the topics to be presented, it is clear that your level of knowledge on the topics, is the result of much study, much research! Your ability to transmit is without a doubt that of a Master of knowledge! Congratulations!

    Reply
  7. BohemianPrincess Posted on October 30, 2019 at 11:35 am

    Very wonderful content!! Being from a southern American Christian family, at a young age I realized I do not believe in their traditional Christian beliefs, although I do have respect for all religions. The research, work, and knowledge put into the content of these videos is most helpful. Thank you ❤

    Reply
  8. Tara Bonee Posted on October 30, 2019 at 11:35 am

    Wait..what? No dancing rainbow orgies? 'Scuse me, I need to go pout for a bit. 🤣 As always, excellent explanation!

    Reply
  9. Venus Visions Posted on October 30, 2019 at 11:37 am

    You are my type of people Arith 🙂 I enjoyed waking up to this today, thank you much ♡

    Reply
  10. Celtic Corner Posted on October 30, 2019 at 11:50 am

    hola tis me again my guide ia Mari…..Basque mountain….their is a good and bad witch …me is good witch lol daughter of Mary Anna child tribe of Dan …..

    Reply
  11. Celtic Corner Posted on October 30, 2019 at 11:52 am

    Hela Angela Odinsdotirrir ……

    Reply
  12. Celtic Corner Posted on October 30, 2019 at 12:05 pm

    seers oracles

    Reply
  13. J May Posted on October 30, 2019 at 12:16 pm

    "When lies became the universal truth…" Couldn't have said it better, mein freund.

    Reply
  14. Lucipherous de Illuminati Posted on October 30, 2019 at 12:19 pm

    Before Indo Europeans the Elves were the Natives .

    Reply
  15. Lucipherous de Illuminati Posted on October 30, 2019 at 12:24 pm

    matriarchies also mistreated and abused men through ritual sacrifice and wars. Left that part out …huh?
    🙄

    Reply
  16. Milton Knowles Posted on October 30, 2019 at 12:25 pm

    In the Bible predating the King James Bible which was heavily altered by King James well the people he told to alter it I would guess but again before that there is only 5 laws based off the Old Testament on Witchcraft which were all featured around what would loosely defined as necromancy basically anything consulting spirits other than that they only really mentioned the actions supposably used by individuals but I haven't read or 800 and something rather Commandments so there might be something else mentioned about it I really don't care about other people's religions that much that's enough random facts for now

    Reply
  17. Floppy N'wah Posted on October 30, 2019 at 12:35 pm

    I like your channel but surprised you like so many say lilith was Jewish it is a babylonian tale adopted after the Babylonian captivity

    Reply
  18. Jeffrey Folkes Posted on October 30, 2019 at 12:36 pm

    Arith can you talk about the fairy's elves alfhiem ,

    Reply
  19. Amethyst Crystal Posted on October 30, 2019 at 12:43 pm

    Donovan “Must be the season of the Witch”
    Great song. 🎶 💜

    Reply
  20. Passion Flower Posted on October 30, 2019 at 12:56 pm

    So nice to hear this material presented intelligently.
    Now I must go make some powerful magic, and make all the men I know some powerful sandwiches…
    😉

    Reply
  21. Zephy Evernight Posted on October 30, 2019 at 12:58 pm

    A comprehensive review of this subject delivered as always with passion and humor, thank you Arith ❤

    Reply
  22. Yamina Bouhas Posted on October 30, 2019 at 1:06 pm

    I really enjoy this video! Its really interesting. Like all your video's there is always something to learn. Many thanks 💜 💜

    Reply
  23. Carving Piper Posted on October 30, 2019 at 1:10 pm

    Make me a sandwich. LOL. Cracking me up.

    Reply
  24. Lynn McNinch Posted on October 30, 2019 at 1:17 pm

    “Make me a sandwich.” 😂😂😂 I’m dying.

    Y’all know that women are more likely to poison you if they’re trying to kill you right?

    Hilarious! But maybe y’all should be making your own sandwiches.

    Reply
  25. Arthur's Realm Posted on October 30, 2019 at 1:18 pm

    psychopath is the new term instead of witch,,,,,, or is being used to some extent

    Reply
  26. Alistair Dunlop Posted on October 30, 2019 at 1:21 pm

    There do appear to be some revisionists amongst the pagan community. And a few people who can't tell the difference between paganism and the commercial version of Halloween. I myself am early in my journey and know it is sometimes hard to go beyond what you thought you knew.

    Reply
  27. Jeremy Gripp Posted on October 30, 2019 at 1:32 pm

    I think this was a great insight into truth, cant thank you enough

    Reply
  28. Zeichnergeist Posted on October 30, 2019 at 1:39 pm

    Even in modern germany the sun (die Sonne) is pronounced in a female way. As the moon is pronounced as a male (der Mond)

    Reply
  29. Archaeoptery X Posted on October 30, 2019 at 1:44 pm

    Classic example of the Indo-Europeans supplanting the religion of Old Europe – The Temple of Apollo at Delphi, which used to be dedicated to Gaia.

    The priesthood there had their roots in the pre-Indo-European Cretan culture. Even the Oracle herself, Pythia, has a name suggestive of the famous but nameless Minoan snake goddess.

    But then the Indo-European Hellenes came along and rededicated the site to their masculine Sun god, Apollo.

    You can find traces of this all over in the mythology of Europe. Another example might be the Aesir's conquest of the Vanir. Representations of Freyja reminds me an awful lot of many of those neolthic, even paleolithic goddess figurines. The cats, for example, also closely associated with witchcraft…

    Yet for the Indo-Aryan fanboys, migration era Norse mythology is the only form of paganism they care about, and even then they twist it to best fit their own bigoted narratives. It's like they are conservative Christians, who have found a brand new scripture in the Poetic and Prose Edda. Not content to gain their spiritual wisdom from the Source, from Nature, they have to get it from a book.

    Reply
  30. Josva The Noble Fool Posted on October 30, 2019 at 1:47 pm

    In modern Canada, pretending to do witchcraft has been made illegal (peaceful religious witchcraft like wicca is not due to freedom of religion), due to 'witches' ripping people off for tens of thousands of dollars. They would tell people they had a curse on them or a dark spirit following them, and the only way to get rid of their situation was to pay the 'witches' several thousands of dollars. These 'witches' were scamming people under the guise of fortune tellers, psychics and palm readers. It is not unlike modern christian denominations, however this has led to mistrust and misinterpretation of modern witchcraft in Canada as just a scam or way to rip people off for money.

    Reply
  31. Lionhart Gallen Posted on October 30, 2019 at 1:50 pm

    Arith you have given me a lot to reflect on regarding the origins of our opressive society Ive thought it came to be with Christianity but as with everything in life things aren't black or white, thank you very much 🙇👏

    Reply
  32. Wesley Sale Posted on October 30, 2019 at 2:01 pm

    A beautiful video; explaining many things that are related.

    Reply
  33. WarDogMadness Posted on October 30, 2019 at 2:03 pm

    the Baltic religions still have female sun goddess Saulė
    and the moon Mėnuo male god son of Dievas the male sky god and Saulė
    sun goddess..

    Reply
  34. Archaeoptery X Posted on October 30, 2019 at 2:11 pm

    Even before it was embraced by the Roman Empire, Christianity was as much a Hellenic cult as it was a Jewish one. The original language of the New Testament is not Latin, or Aramaic or Hebrew, but Greek.

    Reply
  35. Clovencrow Posted on October 30, 2019 at 2:31 pm

    No one believes in the power of the witch or magician anymore.

    Reply
  36. Free Williy Posted on October 30, 2019 at 2:33 pm

    XD, you got punked by archaic archeology.

    Reply
  37. Clovencrow Posted on October 30, 2019 at 2:34 pm

    Sorry femininity and the ability to get in touch with your emotions is not witchcraft. Calling BS on that one.

    Reply
  38. black rose Posted on October 30, 2019 at 2:41 pm

    I just subscribed to your channel because every time I watch you videos, i open my eyes more and more on the false truth that society wanted me to belive in. Thanks to you i finally found the right words to describe my ideas and toughts and also put order in them. This video described exactely how mass thinking influenced our lifes and ideas for years.
    I could watch your videos for hours 😉
    Have a blessed Samhain ^^

    Reply
  39. Natália Serrano Posted on October 30, 2019 at 2:54 pm

    Why was powerful women so feared and hated back then? I understand the why it happens now since it destroys the status quo, but why did it happen back then?

    Reply
  40. Druid Posted on October 30, 2019 at 2:54 pm

    Excellent video and insightful as always. Allocation of power through religion is a stain of history and modern time. We are conditioned through the ages to demonize powerful women & magik but Truth cannot stay hidden that we are Spirit having a human experience and everything /everyone are connected.

    Reply
  41. the Norseman Grey Wolf Posted on October 30, 2019 at 3:01 pm

    Thank you Arith great delivery of the unfolding activities that demonized witchcraft 🍃🌞

    Reply
  42. Bobbie James Posted on October 30, 2019 at 3:10 pm

    I adore your videos, so well presented. I do need to bring up the topic of Greek Goddess Hekate. She was a Titan who Zesus let roam between worlds, the sky. earth and sea. She was associated with witch craft. I just thought I'd mention there was one out there in the deity realm who wasn't under male thumb.

    Reply
  43. Kathrin Pohl Posted on October 30, 2019 at 3:12 pm

    Your best and most important video. Shared on my Me We with thanks!

    Reply
  44. Justin B Posted on October 30, 2019 at 3:13 pm

    Amazing video as always Arith. Thank you!

    Reply
  45. Dale of Kenaz Komics Posted on October 30, 2019 at 3:17 pm

    Did the witches worship the Devil before the arrival of Chrisitianity or did they learn about the Devil only after Christianity became established in Europe?

    Reply
  46. joaquim Teixeira Posted on October 30, 2019 at 3:25 pm

    Are you saying europe was colonised?
    Was the indigenous matriarcal people of europe that built the megaliths ?

    Reply
  47. David Schlageter Posted on October 30, 2019 at 3:38 pm

    This was heavy, my brain is still trying to wrap around some of it.

    Reply
  48. L. S. Whitney Posted on October 30, 2019 at 3:39 pm

    "Ask not why the former days were better than these because thou dost not inquire wisely concerning this."

    Reply
  49. Margaret Whitmer Posted on October 30, 2019 at 4:22 pm

    This video has convinced me that Lilith and I need to have a conversation.

    Reply
  50. linda heil Posted on October 30, 2019 at 4:31 pm

    Wauw wat een heel goede uitleg, marvelous! and what for tattoo is that?… bb

    Reply
  51. Monish Kumar Posted on October 30, 2019 at 4:38 pm

    fantastic Work, I compleatly enjoyed it!, See this New Album 'Monish Jasbird – Death Blow', channel link www.youtube.com/channel/UCv_x5rlxirO-WKjLIyk6okQ?sub_confirmation=1 , you can try 🙂

    Reply
  52. Rick Steekelenburg Posted on October 30, 2019 at 4:42 pm

    Very interesting how things sometimes come together as I was just about to ask you before watching this on your view about the division between cultures where the sun is male and the moon female and vice versa and here you are answering just that.. it's almost like magic 😉

    Reply
  53. Brian Hensley Posted on October 30, 2019 at 4:50 pm

    I hear you about this indo Europe thing but I suspect those guys just want a cast system so they won't have to hire a land scaper. I don't understand why the sun would be female, but OK they have a sun goddess in Japan too. But what I really wonder about is, if there is a connection between the Egyptian Goddess Nut and the European Adhumla. We always talk about the Indo European but I just don't feel it, it seems to me the mention of Freya's falcon dress and then there is Horus. Maybe it was all connected on a much bigger scale before Christianity. I wouldn't know how to prove it but there is alot of Animsm everywhere on the planet and that's not an entirely an obvious perspective unless there was a common reason for it being so. Trickster spirit and so on are a fairly common type of idea that seems fairly suspicious that cultures were somehow connected, perhaps by trade but I don't know. It seems like the bow and arrow was a popular solution on a global scale, but it's not a very obvious solution, or the way that shields are held in the left hand across the whole world.

    Reply
  54. Susanna F Posted on October 30, 2019 at 5:16 pm

    Powerful stuff, Arith. Thank you for your scholarship and honoring of individual power for all.

    Reply
  55. tessjess1 Posted on October 30, 2019 at 5:18 pm

    Subbed ,very interesting knowledge that leaves me listening…especially Nordic references from pagan sources..

    Reply
  56. Ryan Quillin Posted on October 30, 2019 at 5:23 pm

    Many blessings Arith! And thank you.

    Reply
  57. Hollow Hughes Posted on October 30, 2019 at 5:26 pm

    Hey that wall hanging you have behind you. Where did you get it?

    Reply
  58. ChristianDruid1313 Clifton Posted on October 30, 2019 at 5:39 pm

    Thanks for this video. Interesting to see other's points of view on the history of witchcraft. I myself know that it has always existed since the dawning of time.

    Reply
  59. Dakini Dream Posted on October 30, 2019 at 5:47 pm

    Thank you Arith, great video again. I was catched by the first sentence of course.

    Happy Samhain, and enjoy this magic period of the year.

    Reply
  60. Keenan Zigterman Posted on October 30, 2019 at 6:01 pm

    This reminds of of some stuff I've studied. In the Śaiva tantrism of medieval India there developed a spectrum of theology/praxis between the polarity of state-sponsored, "right-handed" Siddhānta — which favored the dualistic worship of the male Śiva as a supreme being totally distinct from the world and from individual souls, as well as a strict code of purity and patriarchal and caste-based hierarchies — and the polarity of antinomian, "left-handed" Kaula groups — which favored the non-dualistic worship of various Goddesses as divine powers inherent within the Self, transgressive rites involving impure substances and acts, and social egalitarianism. Some groups fell somewhere in-between these poles, but one of my major areas of research involved two Kaula groups, the Krama and the Trika, the latter of which survived Muslim persecution into the 20th century, albeit in a much-altered form.

    Reply
  61. Thelma Lynne Posted on October 30, 2019 at 6:12 pm

    In the family of Aser there the queen Maija and her 6 sisters called Häxa and their mother called Gumma.These 8 women made the future stories and the mythology.The 7 daughters of Gumma were virgin in the since they were never with a man.However they very sexual with other women in a ancient offering system that was normal in those times.The best place to see a picture of a Häxa is on the Häxa picture stone of Gotland.The 2 snakes that she is holding represents this offering system called Tor.

    Reply
  62. MissGroves Posted on October 30, 2019 at 6:14 pm

    You discuss things so well, explaining ideas and thoughts that rattle around my head for a while and providing fact, research etc in an easy to understand way. Ancient Egyptians always appealed to me as the society was more equal all round untill Greece and Rome moved in

    Reply
  63. Bill Posted on October 30, 2019 at 6:35 pm

    Ed Dutton says the witch is actually a proto feminist, and they were burned because they were subverting the patriarchy.

    Reply
  64. Mystery Z Posted on October 30, 2019 at 6:50 pm

    True Enough. Coming home with scratches from the brambles.

    Reply
  65. colin Paterson Posted on October 30, 2019 at 6:55 pm

    The problems that Neo-pagans have is that in the west Christianity has had a hold for so long that it's influence is almost innate. Or to put it another way, the people are trying to evaluate thinking form the olden days with modern mind set.

    Reply
  66. Raven Morris Posted on October 30, 2019 at 7:10 pm

    Thankyou for this great video.

    Reply
  67. Sophia Rose Posted on October 30, 2019 at 7:19 pm

    Excellent video. Thank you👍

    Reply
  68. Dj Dj Posted on October 30, 2019 at 7:25 pm

    The time you speak of is the golden age. The satya yuga. I believe humans lost most of their "sensitivity " as humans became more "material" and when we got our "vegetable" bodies. We are currently in the kali yuga and have been sence roughly 2100 b.c. . All truth is Gods truth. Keep pushing on the door. The key is inside.

    Reply
  69. Staff Carrier Woman Posted on October 30, 2019 at 7:25 pm

    👏🏼👏🏼👏🏼

    Reply
  70. Jeremy Belcher Posted on October 30, 2019 at 7:30 pm

    Great video very important information should be shared by all 👍👍👏👏👏

    Reply
  71. Daria Raidho Posted on October 30, 2019 at 8:18 pm

    Great video, Arith. To me it is like a circle: A survival technique (hunting, warfare, agriculture, trade, you name it…anything that feeds the tribe) develops into a life style, develops into a culture, which is accompanied by principles of spirituality, which in turn often grow into a full blown (institutionalized) religion. And then the whole structure gets too rigid and oppressive or can`t support the people anymore, and the survival struggle starts all over again, changing every step down the path. Taking down everything that wasn`t benficial, but also throwing out a lot of things which, in their core, were wise or strenghtening for the spirit and the community.

    Reply
  72. Widow Keeper Posted on October 30, 2019 at 10:06 pm

    *Listens quietly as she preps a new Grimoire to be "christened" on Samhain* This is fantastic, Arith. I don't comment nearly often enough, but you never fail to make me very happy with my membership and feel like my money is well spent on your content. Thank you for all your work in keeping our history alive as an archeologist and as a YouTube content creator. May the spirits kiss your forehead and bless you this coming dark time of the season. You have earned it.

    Reply
  73. S Tolman Posted on October 30, 2019 at 11:59 pm

    The modern society is working to destroy both femininity and masculinity by trying to make estimations the same on the name of "equality"

    Reply
  74. Sigurd Wagner Posted on October 31, 2019 at 1:16 am

    Arith is a sage, wise beyond his years. As an elder, I am genuinely amazed that a man so young has attained such a clear mind. What a blessing to our people. Thank you, brother. Thank you, young man.

    Reply
  75. Sarah Kelson Posted on October 31, 2019 at 1:41 am

    You nailed it. Not many people have any clue about what you described. I have felt alone for many, many years. People hate to look at history or question their comfortable ideas as presented in their childhood. You didn't teach me anything I didn't already know, but it is a great comfort to know at least one other person also has read and considered. I would certainly have been burned at the stake, and have had a few close calls in our modern world.

    Reply
  76. Seveni S Posted on October 31, 2019 at 2:56 am

    I believe Arith is an old soul. I believe his spirit has been here prior to his years for sure. I’ve seen a few past comments in different places stating that witches do not exist. Of course this was stated after idiotic rants which describe a witch or ascribe witches Hollywood’s image of a witch. Yes there is magick and yes there are witches but they have nothing to do with a tv witch. Very nice seeing your tattoo peeking out from your shirt Arith.

    Reply
  77. j R Posted on October 31, 2019 at 3:50 am

    I lived with a witch woman for a summer for work. It was a good job, just farm work. She knew a lot of herbs, had a lot of wisdom. I had a lot of strange dreams that summer. She delivered my older brother.

    Reply
  78. Marthina Rauhut Posted on October 31, 2019 at 6:48 am

    Wise words and educational … Thank you

    Reply
  79. Kim in Alaska Posted on October 31, 2019 at 7:10 am

    Oh, i love this. My family has always be very strongly matriarchal, maybe thats why we abandoned Christianity many generations ago.

    Reply
  80. wolfsbane indigogirl Posted on October 31, 2019 at 7:30 am

    Glad to have found your channel !

    Reply
  81. DANIEL SALA Posted on October 31, 2019 at 7:58 am

    GREAT INFORMATION…THANK YOU

    Reply
  82. Astaroth Posted on October 31, 2019 at 8:48 am

    In India and we've more female deities than Male. And north India is purely indo European. The Norse also had plenty of prominent female deities as far as i know. So did greece and other middle eastern indo European cultures.

    Worshiping female figures only became obsolete or even evil only after creation of Islam, christianity and Judaism. All religions before them had plenty of femininity in them.

    But of course males were still more dominant simply cos ancient societies were Masculine. That's just how it worked. In old days survival was difficult and war was frequent. Both of them are masculine. Societies valued physicality much more than emotions and intellect. This is just how things were. Of course today many try to romanticize the old days but originally they were brutal and you don't wanna go back….
    Anyway cos of this male domination, masculine deities were more worshipped. And now is the best time to bring a balance….

    Reply
  83. 1994 Canberra Posted on October 31, 2019 at 8:51 am

    Thank you, thank you. Perfectly explained! Keep on Arith!

    Reply
  84. V H Posted on October 31, 2019 at 9:34 am

    Interesting … In German the sun ist female: 'Die Sonne' …

    Reply
  85. issa m æ ł ï şş ā Posted on October 31, 2019 at 9:54 am

    Wow this for so surprisingly in favour of women, so rare to hear

    Reply
  86. Julie Dorman Posted on October 31, 2019 at 10:05 am

    @ 12:20 yes that was Catholic/Christian

    Reply
  87. Tamu Ngina - Priestess Heart 108 Posted on October 31, 2019 at 12:19 pm

    Perfect quote

    Reply
  88. Jamey Martin Posted on October 31, 2019 at 3:08 pm

    “Let no man presume to kill another’s female servant for being a witch (striga or mascam) for such things are not credible to the Christian mind and it is not possible to eat a living man from the inside out.” — Edictum Rothari

    "If any one deceived by the devil shall have believed, after the manner of the pagans, that any man or woman is a witch and eats men, and on this account shall have burned the person, or shall have given the person’s flesh to others to eat, or shall have eaten it himself, let him be punished by a capital sentence.” — Charlemagne, Capitulary on Saxony

    Reply
  89. FoxxyCraftyFierce xoxo Posted on October 31, 2019 at 3:19 pm

    I love watching your videos, still catching up on them all 😊 but its lunchtime where I'm at now and all I want is an awesome sandwich lol🤣

    Reply
  90. Rose Petal Posted on October 31, 2019 at 7:59 pm

    Bravo 👏 I'll try not to poke you with my thorns! Lol! Just now getting to see this, cause life doesn't always allow you stick to a schedule… oi

    Reply
  91. The Aufseherin Sentinel Posted on October 31, 2019 at 9:46 pm

    The witch is still a helpmate role. I don't know why the religions from the east were so threatened.

    Reply
  92. Zoe Bueche Posted on November 1, 2019 at 12:30 am

    Could be my priest but would have to sacrifice you 💁😏😄💞💞💞💖💋🌟✨✨✨💖

    Reply
  93. Earthsinger100 Posted on November 1, 2019 at 2:10 am

    Thank you for your vidoes. While I don't follow the Norse path, I find your insights fascinating.

    Reply
  94. Joey Scott Posted on November 1, 2019 at 3:37 am

    Excellence!!!

    Reply
  95. wcouch8 Posted on November 1, 2019 at 12:30 pm

    Excellent content. Ty for taking the time to research and present.

    Reply
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