We Travel To Kenya To Learn About The First Woman In HistoryOtis Rodgers August 11, 2019 100 Comments
– We’re looking at maternal haplogroups. And we can trace it all
back in time to one woman. – This is one of the most
beautiful things I’ve ever seen. – Oh (bleep). I can’t believe that
we’re allowed to be here. – I’ve never been
overseas ever in my life. I didn’t realize how integral this part of the world was to all of humanity. – I feel so lucky. This is insane. – So remember that time we all
took 23andMe genetic tests? (spitting) – Yeah. – In addition to finding out where our recent ancestors are from, we also found out where our
distant ancestors are from. So we all have different haplogroups. And that means that our
distant ancestors can be traced back to different
regions of the world. But every person living
today, including you, can trace their haplogroups
back even further to one common haplogroup known as L. The L haplogroup lived in eastern Sub-Saharan Africa over 150,000 years ago. While we don’t know exactly where in eastern Sub-Saharan Africa
they would have lived, we decided to travel to
the region of the world where they would have existed. It’s the Ladylike show, and
we’re traveling to Kenya. – (cheering) – Woo! Y’all, we’re going to Kenya! – Yeah! – This is really exciting,
because I don’t know if you guys know or not, but
I’ve never traveled overseas. So this is absolutely going to be a huge check mark on my bucket list. Getting to know myself more
is perfect for this trip, because Africa is most definitely
an extension of who I am. And the results that I got back from the 23andMe test were a bit broad. In regards to haplogroups, especially L, and how it relates to all of us, I feel like Kenya’s an
awesome starting point. – Yeah.
– Yes. – The originator of the L haplogroup would have lived in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa is, like, huge. – Expanding. There’s, like, multiple countries. There’s so many different types of people. There’s so many different
cultures within that descriptor. So we chose Kenya because
we were able to reach out to some scientists at the
National Museum of Kenya. – Also just as a general disclaimer, the scientific community
uses the term paternal and maternal to delineate who gave birth. We all understand that
when we say maternal, not everyone that gives
birth identifies as a woman. So just FYI. There’s going to be a lot
of science on this trip. But we also want to have a little fun. – So we are going to hang out with the girls from the Over 25 channel. They are also a group of
creators who are ladies. We’re also going to see animals. (elephant trumpet) – Animals!
– Oh, yeah. – One, two, three. Kenya! – So we need to wear clothes
that are lighter in color. Because mosquitoes love to bite
people wearing dark colors. And I hate mosquitoes. – Yep. So these are like, my
little going out slacks. – Woo! Cute. – Pale pink with, like,
a pale pink little shirt. – (gasp) Cute. I bought one, two, three pairs of linen pants. My pants collection is
now up to five pairs. – Wow. – I know. It more than doubled overnight. – He is not playing with these mosquitoes. He looks likes he’s going
to a Diddy yacht party. And then I’ve got some
pants from the thrift store. It’s debatable if these
are pajamas or not, but I’m going to make it fashion. – Well, it’s sleep, but make it fashion. – Sleep, make it fashion. – Packing for Africa. Needless to say, I’m a little stressed. At the same time, I’m
trying to remember that I’m going to forget about this
the moment I see an elephant. – What are you doing, bud? I have some freeze dried olives and some Taco Bell mild sauce. You can say what you want about Taco Bell, but they’ve got some good sauces. Devin and I are also rooming together. And since I am very regular,
I am bringing Poo-Pourri. – The great thing about
packing is that it’s a wonderful opportunity to remind yourself how wonderful you are
at remembering things. Like, I made a lot of lists to remind myself the things that I need, but I’m probably still going to leave, like, my butt at home. – Today is the day. Ah! We’re here. Off to a momentous start. – We’re walking to check-in. This still doesn’t feel real yet. – It doesn’t feel real. It’s not going to feel
real until we’re there. And then it’s going to feel the most real. – The most real, exactly. – So I wanted to take this opportunity to talk to you about airport fashion. Because it is my belief that
you should dress in essentially pajamas when you’re going to the airport. However, young Fred has to look cute. You can’t talk. You’re wearing a beautiful dress. – I have one step. Step one, dress. Step two, walk away. – I’ve been thinking about it, and I think I’m going to take
off my bra during the flight. – I support that. – I support it, too. – Great. I’m glad we…
– No pun intended. – I’m taking my bra off. – Oh, cool. I’m not even wearing one. – Woo! – Kristin and I took the
first Polaroid of the trip. Here it is developing! – All right, here we go. We’re taking off. – Hey, we’re in Amsterdam. Can you give me some weed? – (laughing) – Got her. – We’re stuck at the airport because our flight’s delayed because of the storm. But Jen is having a good time trying to figure out what
Amsterdam Tinder is like. A lot of names I can’t pronounce. – (laughing) – I love this country. I love it so much. – Let’s buy some tulips and cheese. – Oh my god, yeah. – Yes, Kenya? Yes, we’re on the way. They’re expecting us. – Made it. After how many hours? – 22. – We knew we were getting
land cruisers, but we did not realize this was
the kind of land cruiser we’re getting, and it’s super cool. – It’s like a safari cruiser. – It’s so dope. – It is 2:17 in the morning, and we have decided to have
a nightcap at the hotel. – Oh, thank you. – Ooh, thank you. – It’s so nice to see you. You’re my favorite. You’re my favorite thing
I’ve ever encountered. Oh my god. – So it’s the first day
officially in Kenya. – Top of the morning.
– Top of the morning. How are you all feeling? – I’m feeling great. I’m feeling energized. – Mm-hmm. – I feel hydrated. – You look good, Freddie. – You do look good. – Yeah, you look fucking ready to go. – Yeah, I’m ready. We’re here. We made it. – Yay!
– Yes. Last night, we landed at
about 11:30 PM with Sam. So tell us a little bit about who you are and why you’re here. Sure. So I’m a content and curation
scientist at 23andMe. And I’m just really excited to be here talking with you guys about
DNA, and women, and haplogroups, and all these other crazy things. – My question is, we hear
the word haplogroup a lot in terms of our 23andMe results,
and also why we’re here. What is a haplogroup? When people think of DNA,
they’re typically thinking about DNA that’s found inside
the nucleus of the cell. But the DNA that holds the
sort of ancient genetic information that we use to
identify maternal haplogroups is found in the mitochondria of the cell. The DNA that’s in this mitochondria is called mitochondrial DNA. Big surprise. You might have heard this before. They’re the powerhouses of the cell. – Yeah. – That’s, like, the only thing anyone remembers from biology. – Yeah. What scientists have been able
to do is trace all the way back over 100,000 years ago
to the common female line ancestor of everyone who’s
alive on earth today. – 100,000 years ago? – Yep. – That’s insane. – That’s so cool. – What is the significance
of the L haplogroup? – From what we know
about the L haplogroup, it’s the kind of main haplogroup within the continent of Africa. There was this woman
over 100,000 years ago. At some point, she had
at least two daughters. And one of those daughters was forming this branch that we now call L0. And the other daughter formed this branch that was all the rest of the L’s. And then many thousands of
years later, one of those great great great granddaughters,
she had two daughters. And that started splitting into the rest of the people that we
see outside of Africa. – So basically, we are
all descendants from the one woman who
started the L haplogroup. – That’s right. But because it is so far
back in time, it’s not really the same as saying, you
know, my great grandma lived in Africa, and I’m her descendant. It’s like, the ancient lineage of all humans who are alive today. And it is traced to Africa because that’s where modern humans kind of first evolved. – So just so everyone is clear,
we’re not all from Africa. Don’t leave this video saying that. – So now that we know a little bit more about the science behind haplogroups, we’re going to go talk
to some anthropologists. And they’re going to
tell us a little bit more about how these women lived. – So cool. – Let’s do it. Let’s go, yeah. – Freddie’s just over here in a corner, striking a cool pose. – Always. – And then boppin’ around is Kristin. – Always boppin’. – So we’re here in the National Museum of Kenya with Dr. Mbua. Hi, Dr. Mbua. – Hi.
– Hi. – My name is Dr. Emma Mbua. And I’m a paleoanthropologist interested in the study
of human evolution. – So where in Africa do you think the Mitochondrial Eve would have been living? – In eastern Africa, we have
the evidence from the fossils. They found that people living
in eastern Africa today, their mitochondrial DNA points to that mother, 200,000 years ago. I don’t know whether you
understand all that science. – (laughing) – I love that you’re
basing that off of my face. You know, you know. – So in terms of, like,
bone structure and bodies, and how we look today,
how different is that from the Mitochondrial Eve’s bone structure and her sort of makeup? – The evidence that there is, looking at the postcranial
and the limb bones, the mitochondria might
have had our bone features. – Why was human development around 200,000 years ago such a critical period? – There was a big debate,
you know, to the questions of where did modern humans arise from. That’s where they went
to the studies of modern mitochondrial DNA of the living people. Therefore, you know, after
obtaining all those samples, they were able to calculate back. Which one, you know, had
more diversity in it. So there were less diversity
in the DNA of the European. Less diversity in East Asia. But more diversity was found in Africa, meaning that it had been here for long. This evidence of the mitochondrial DNA supports Africa as the
place of modern humans. – Wow, I have chills. – That is so cool. – Did she suffer from the
patriarchy like we do? – First full day in Nairobi. – Woo! – So we are at Carnivore,
about to have dinner. – Carnivore is this badass restaurant, and they have all types of meat and game. – Whatcha drinking? – I actually don’t know what it’s called. – It’s called a Dawa. – And there’s vodka and tea.
– Lime. – Honey and lime.
– Yes. – The guy sold it to
us as African medicine. I was like, I could
use a doctor right now. – So I was wearing my shirt backwards for most of the day, and I fixed it. The end. All the interviews we’ve
done, most of what we shot was wearing my shirt backwards. So we have invited the girls from Over 25 to come have dinner with us. – Yes.
– We are super excited to hang with them. – Hold on, my drink is… I’m grabbing my drink. We’re having drinks handed
to us while we’re shooting. I’m really excited to try
all the cool meats they have. – Meats.
– Meats. – Meats.
– Meats. – Meats.
– Meats. – Meats.
– Meats. – Meats.
– Meats. – I am. – Vegetarian?
– Yes. (audio drops out) Thank you. – Meats, meats, meats, meats. – Yes. – No! – I can’t handle you. Is this crocodile? – Yep. No! – Day two in Nairobi. We are starting the morning off very early at 6:30 AM Nairobi time. We are going to go get breakfast, and then we are going to go to
the elephant orphanage. And then, we’re going to go into the city and do some shopping. Very, very excited. Oh, it’s so much fun here. I love it. – Our server told me this is his favorite. Chai just means tea. – But guess what we learned? In America, we’ll say chai tea because it’s, like, a type of tea. But here, chai is just
tea with milk in it. Did he bring you milk? – He did bring me milk. That means mama needs a Lactaid. – Oh, boy. – Hi, Regina. – I get really carsick,
so I make everyone else sit in the back so I can sit
in the front, so I don’t vom. – I’ve had three hours of sleep. Just arrived at the elephant orphanage. – These are elephants that have been orphaned for various different reasons. They are being rehabilitated
to go back out into the wild. So their main goal is not to be with humans for the rest of their life. Their main goal is to
be with other elephants. – Yeah. But they did tell us that if we want to, we could foster a baby elephant. – (laughs) We’re going to bring him home with us, and it’ll be easy. – Yep, that’s how you do it. – They’ll get along great with James. – Yeah. – It’s really important that we conserve these animals, and… I think we’re mindful of the fact that the circumstances under which
they’re here are not good. – Yeah, and we’re just
here to give some love. – This is like a Studio Ghibli film, all the animals, and, like,
the beautiful landscape. – Oh, he’s peeing right now. Good for him.
– Good job. Nice work, buddy. – Edwin is my name, and this is the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust. So this project is taking care of orphan baby elephants and orphan
baby rhinos, and later on, reintroducing them back into the wild. And that’s why all the babies we have to see here today are orphans. – You guys, are you ready? – Yes.
– So ready. – Kris will never be ready. – We rescued them from
different parts of the country. And they all have different
reasons for being orphans. The babies are still very young. And they do not know how to survive without the mother’s milk. Nursed with our protection
against the dangers, they will be trained,
they will be protected, and so will behave like any
other wild elephant out there. When we see that happen,
then we set them free and let them become wild once again. Once they finish the milk,
then they are relaxed and calm, and so you can interact with them. Make sure that you don’t scream and shout. That makes them get overexcited. They all have different characters. Some are very social and friendly, and want to stick with
you and play with you. Some are very shy, and
want to stay away from you. And a few of them have
the naughty character, and might want to come
and push you around. They all have names. The youngest that will come
down here is 8 months old. The oldest is approximately 7 years old. – Do you have a favorite? – All of them. – (laughs)
– They’re all your children. – They’re everywhere, I love it. – What you doing? You look like you’re kissing. What’s going on over there? You making some noises? – Mm-hmm, yep. – That’s a fart. – So these elephants
are the sweetest ever. They have such different personalities. Some are really rowdy. Some are really friendly and calm. And some are super shy. I mean, I’m just surprised
that they’re even just letting us be around them. Little baby likes my dress
a little bit too much. We had a little yum-yum. – Look at that one. He’s rolling on the ground. Oh, he’s so playful. Good job, buddy. – This was amazing. There’s nothing like
being around elephants. They’re so smart, they’re so aware. They know completely what’s going on. I can’t imagine why anyone
would want to hurt them. We’re just lucky to be in
the same place as them. – Devin, how are you feeling? – I am in heaven. I got sprayed on. I am one with the elephants. – It’s just an honor to be here. – It really is an honor to be here. Like, we blessed and honored.
– Yeah. – I, like, I might cry.
– Yes. – Because I’m a big elephant baby, myself. – Ultimately, I think
the overwhelming feeling is that we’re all really
grateful to be here, and thankful that we get
to be in the presence of these animals, because they’re special. – That was incredible. – That was amazing. It was really awesome
just to see these animals in their space, where we were the guests. These are little babies,
and they’re orphans. And so a lot of them have had a really, really rough start to life, but there’s still so
much joy that they have. They still play, they still snort. They still bully. They still love their milk. They fart.
– They do fart. – Freddie got farted on.
– I did. – It’s like humans were once able to coexist with these animals. And I think it’s really
important that we learn how to coexist with them again,
because they are, like, an incredibly important part of our world. – Thank you so much to
the David Sheldrick Trust. We are so grateful that
we are able to be here and hang out with baby elephants. – And thank you for all you do. I mean, this is just, it’s
a blessing to be here. And it’s a blessing to all the animals that are able to get help. We just finished. – And now we gotta go clean ourselves up, because I got this on my nose. – Devin was in there. – (laughs)
– All up in there. – On your back pocket, you
have a phone-shaped dust stain. – So we have to go clean up before we go shopping, that’s for damn sure. – Just Devin’s full
body, Devin’s dust stain. – Hi.
– So we’re going shopping. – Shopping!
– Yeah. – Yo, we have the amazing Lorna here.
– She’ll help us. – She’s going to help us navigate. – I might buy a teapot. – I left a lot of room in my suitcase for all of the various things that I will take home with me. – Yes, you’ll be dope. – Yep.
– Woo! – Well, we’re here. – It’s very different, and
there’s a lot of options. So I’m just trying to figure
out what I absolutely need and want, as opposed to, like, buying every awesome thing that I see. – That’s a good strategy.
– Yeah. – I’m looking for, like
postcards, and maybe, like, a hat. Also, maybe, like, a cool
little keychain or something. – So Ivy and I stuck together
through this whole adventure. She’s the best barterer. – Thanks. I see deals everywhere. – I would be like, Ivy,
is this a good price? She’s like, I can haggle for days. What price do you want?
– (laughs) – Cathy got me these cool braid jewels. We’re matching twins!
– Twins! – I’m just shopping around, and whatever I don’t want, I’ll just put back. – So cute.
– So cute. So now I have three. And I have a bangle as well. And a scarf for my mom. Mom, I bought you something,
so don’t complain. Thank you. You have been very helpful.
– Yeah? I’m just happy you got something. You got what you wanted.
– Oh, yeah. Oh, yeah, I did. – Cathy and I also got matching bracelets. – Shopaholics!
– Love it. – I got a little bird. I also got a little bit of
salad spoons for my roommate. – I got so many spoils.
– So much stuff. – We got some nice stuff. – Ivy got us these beautiful keychains with our names on them.
– With our names on them! – I got a bunch of these bracelets. This is my favorite item, guys. – Yes, it’s so nice. – And I got one just like hers. – Tank tops need them. – This is the SS Paradise. This is your captain speaking. We’re on our way to Tsavo. So buckle in, everyone. It’s going to be a bumpy ride. (laughs) – She just wants Kristin. – So glappy.
Glappy. – We bought hats!
– We bought hats, because we didn’t realize
we didn’t have hats. So we fixed that problem.
– And bought hats. – And we bought hats. What?
– Wow. – So we are at Tsavo Safari Park. I just want to introduce
you guys to my new friend, vacation Kristin. – What up, friend? – Kristin is wearing her big sunglasses. – I am. My big sunglasses, and
I’m also wearing shorts, because it is very warm and
I am enjoying the scenery. – Yeah. I mean, this is a view from our porch. – Like, take every girl
scout camp you went to that you thought was, like, kind of fun. And then make it 100 times more fun, and then add animals. – The ride here was probably
about 5 and 1/2-ish hours. And when we got here, we were
all super tired and smelly, but just, like, in awe. – Yeah, we’re in awe of
both this beautiful place and how incredibly bad we smell. – We’re going to go meet up with Sam and check in with her, and
talk a little bit about these past few days and
about what we’re doing in this wonderful,
beautiful, amazing place. – Hi, Sam.
– Hey. – So we talked to Dr. Mbua
about Mitochondrial Eve. Can you maybe give us a little bit more information about what that means? – Definitely. We’re looking at maternal haplogroups, and we can trace it all
back in time to one woman. So that one woman is mitochondrial Eve. But then there’s a couple caveats to that. When we use the term
Mitochondrial Eve, it’s sort of an easy way to help people
understand that this was a real woman, a real human being who gave rise, in a sense, to
everyone who’s around today. And what’s, I think, the
most important point here is that she was absolutely not the only woman alive at that time. And she was also not the
only woman to pass on genetic information, or genes, or
DNA, to future generations. – So to clarify, Mitochondrial
Eve was not the only woman that existed around
the time that she existed? – Exactly, you got it. – Hers was just the only
ones that could be traced? – Yes. – So I like to fall down Wikipedia holes. And one thing I love
to research is actually the oldest buildings in existence. – You do, you sure do. – There are many, many
buildings that are very old. So it’s kind of like we know that there is an oldest building in existence. But that doesn’t mean that that’s the only building that
existed at the time. – Sure.
– It’s just the one that we can trace for sure is
the oldest one right now. – Because we can still physically see it and identify it, sure. – There might be another
building that’s crazy old that’s, like, under the sea or something that we don’t know about yet. – Atlantis.
– Yeah. (laughs) – Why is it that mitochondrial
DNA is only passed down through the parent that gives birth? – That’s a great question.
– Like, why is Eve the only one that gets to,
like, shoot that stuff down? – Eggs actually have a huge, huge number of mitochondria in them. Something like 100,000. Sperm actually might only have on the order of, like, 50 to 100. So that’s one possibility. – SO it’s like buying a
lot of lottery tickets. – Exactly.
– Like, the egg bought a bunch of lottery tickets, and
the sperm bought, like two. – Yeah. Another possibility,
though, that is enticing, but we haven’t really proven it yet, is the eggs themselves might be destroying the mitochondria that come from the sperm. – A murder mystery.
– Ooh. – So tomorrow’s going
to be a big day for us. We’re going to go on a
safari, and then we’re going to go to the lava caves. And we’re going to kind
of, like, dive into and try to figure out why we should care about this stuff now. – We’ll go find out.
– Let’s do it. – And today, we’re going on a safari. – It’s really early in the morning. You have to get up at the crack of dawn to see all the ani-mules. – Devin just saw zebras this
morning outside of our tent. – Yep.
– And we saw a wildebeest last night just staring at us. – It’s wild.
– It’s wild. It’s truly wild. – This is probably the brightest color I’ve worn since I’ve been here, and I saved it for
safari day so I can have a little pop of color for papa lion. – So tell us a little bit, Angela, about this art that we see on the walls. Like, how long ago were these made? – We do not have a definite date for how long the art was made. We use relative dating to say
that these finds were found with this art, so they must
have been contemporaneous. Some of this art is quite
enigmatic, as you can see. Those ones look like aliens, actually. – They do. – And one of the guys is excited. – Yeah, he definitely has a little peen. – There was no writing then,
but they make a very good record of what was going on around them. In terms of their cognitive ability, they were pretty much like us. – Yas, graceful bitches. – This is so cool.
– This is ridiculous. – He’s just chinchillin’. – Oh, Kristin, you did not. – They’re like hamburgers, but furry. – Hyena! – Is this the first hyena we’ve seen? – Yes. – He started walking towards our car. When someone said that we
were going on a safari, I had no idea we were
getting out of the car. – I also didn’t know we
were getting out of the car. That’s why I’m wearing a dress. – Look at, holding her baby. Good job, mama. – There’s the food right there. And there’s this monkey
trying to be nonchalant. – Casual. – He be all casual monkey. – Oh my god! Whoa. Whoa. – So we had to eat in the car
because the little monkeys keep trying to steal our food. And they just jumped on the hood. – Yeah, they actually grabbed Sam’s food. – And before I knew if,
there was a monkey right here trying to get into my
bags, and I screamed. – I’ve always been afraid
of monkeys, and this is why. – This monkey’s just, you know
– He’s so rude. – Beating his meat.
– (laughs) – What is he doing? – I think we know what he’s doing. – They’re smart.
– Yeah, and way smart. – They know how to send distractions so that they can get our food. – I couldn’t decide if this is my most favorite animal or my
least favorite animal. And I can definitively tell you it is my least favorite animal. – So that sign says “do not feed monkeys.” And now we know why. – I feel like we’re getting surround sound of crickets right now.
– Yeah. This is crickets in 4K. – I am glad I peed before we
got here, though, because that rushing water would have
knocked my lunch right out. – It’s really cool to see
all this untouched space. And when you think about
back in the states, there are really beautiful areas, but I think sometimes, we can’t help to expect that they won’t be there for long, just because of all the development. – So we begin about 40,000 years ago, where we have the oldest
ostrich egg shell beads that have been found in Kenya so far. – Is an ostrich egg shell,
like, pretty fragile? – It is, yes. So that tells you about the people who were making those shells,
their cognitive abilities, and the fact that they knew
how to deal with this material to prevent it from breaking up. – Yeah. – In the old times, we think that beads may have served more than one reason. They may have been used
as a form of currency. Some of them have been
transported from very far in places where ostriches do not live. So then you must have had
to buy either the beads or the ostrich eggshell in
order to make the beads. So the question, obviously, has been, were the beads made by men or by women? – Did men wear these beads also? – They are worn by both sexes. – It’s a hippo walk with
Jen and Kristin and Chantel. Walking to see some hippos. – Where we’re going, you can go into kind of, like, an underwater viewing. And then we’re hoping we
can see some hippos there. Like hippos, and like, some crocodiles. – Yeah, but we were told we
are not allowed to scream because it will scare some animals, and they might attack us. The problem is, I will have to scream. – I will kill you from the afterlife. – Well, nice try, Kristin. – Because I’m already dead.
– I’m already dead. – There’s all the poop. I mean, that’s how you
know how we’ve been. – Can’t wait to come out
to those elephants next. – So we’re walking down the path towards the underwater viewing. But we already see hippos
just kind of sitting. We were walking, and then
there was a crocodile there. – Yeah, the only thing
that distinguished him from the rocks were the texture. – Mm-hmm, like his tail. You can see the spikes on his tail. – And they said it’s probably
a male based on his size. – Okay, we’re going down in here. This water is so blue. – It’s so blue, it just… It kind of reminds me of
vacation, and I feel like any time I see this kind of blue water, it’s like, ooh, perfect for frolicking. Look, get some pics in the water. But like, this is not
that kind of situation. – No.
– This is danger water. – This is the crocodile show, and we are merely audience members. – So here we have stone tools that have been done with a lot
of skill and ingenuity. – So those are projectiles. Like, something they would have thrown? – These are projectiles. But this kind of community were
very innovative in that they were able to find some
ochre and some other gum, mix it together, make a very
strong adhesive, or glue. They can use this to put half
tip into a piece of food, and then use it to other projectiles to ward off enemies, fight off predator. – They had to think about
how they could make something that was aerodynamic and
also effective at a distance, which is better than we could do today. – So they were smart. – And even now, more recently now, we have evidence of violence. – Would you say the men and women in this society, they both fought? – From what we have, we see men and women being victims of this kind of violence. And even women also fighting, hunting using these projectile points. So it’s not only what we constitute from our gender-specific roles. – Could you imagine having to
find your lunch in this place? – That’s nuts. – It’s like trying to go
through a McDonalds drive-thru, but there’s a crocodile at the drive-thru. – Right? Like, you have obstacles. – There are obstacles. I mean, honestly, Mitochondrial
Eve had to have been a pretty badass human
in order to stay alive long enough to give us the
mutations that we have. – Yeah, exactly. – I can’t imagine just being
here in this environment 200,000 years ago with no real direction as to how to survive, and just
having to just figure it out. – Not even knowing what these animals are. – Yeah, not knowing. – We’re just like, oh
yeah, that’s a hippo. That’s a crocodile. But it’s like… – And then knowing who is predator, who is prey, who is most dangerous. – Yeah.
– Like, that’s… It’s insane. – If your environment is super diverse, you as a human have to adapt, as well. That shows how strong
Mitochondrial Eve really was. – We’re on Poacher’s Lookout right now. – We can see Kilimanjaro from here. You can see the snow on top of it. This is not something that
you can typically see. Just a very clear day. Right, Kristin?
– Yeah. This is a special treat. For some special ladies.
– Ooh. – So Sam, we’ve been exploring all day. It’s got me thinking,
what is the significance of knowing the maternal
haplogroup in modern-day society? – Do you guys know about King Richard III? – Yes.
– Shakespeare. – Shakespeare, right. Up until a few years ago, they had no idea where he was buried. And there was a parking
lot in Leicester, England. And they found this old tomb. And there was a skeleton inside this tomb. So when they looked at the
mitochondrial DNA of the skeleton and they compared it to female
line of descendants of, say, his grandmother or something, or a cousin on the maternal side, there was a match. – Oh (bleep). – And so they were able to confirm with a very high degree of certainty that the skeleton did
belong to King Richard III. Mitochondrial DNA, and
haplogroups, and sort of understanding how that all fits together can fill in a lot of gaps in history. – The cradle of life. – Cradle of humanity. – Wow. – So let’s go down in this cave. – Yeah.
– Woo! – Uh, actually, no
one’s going in the cave. There are thousands of bats
and two hornet’s nests. So we are not going in the cave. – Oh, come on, mom. – We’re not going in the cave.
– Mom. – No one’s going in. – You guys are back from seeing the bats. – So we abandoned the others. – Yeah, we left them to die. – We left them for dead. – It smelled like absolute ass. – Well you guys did go into a hole in the ground full of bats. – Yeah, it’s awful. – I don’t know if I was
expecting that smell, though. – I told you thousands of bats. – I thought it would smell good. It circles around, so they’re actually going to come out of a
different side and meet us. So they’re probably alive. – They’re fine. – So we actually wound up
going down into the cave. And it was awesome. – It was really cool. It smelled like (bleep). Like, really bad (bleep). – Like cat pee, basically. Because the bats poop and
pee all over the place. – Yeah. But it was really beautiful. If I were a human living
250,000 years ago, I definitely would have
lived in that cave, because you can build a fire,
you’re safe from the elements, and no leopards are going
to get you in there. – No leopards. – Whoa. – So we just saw our first
elephant in the actual wild. – It was so special. It was a young bull, so a guy elephant. He was just by himself,
looking for his ladies. – Yeah, Tim said that once
the men reach maturity, they kind of break off from the herd. So he was alone. But all the women stick
together, which is pretty cool. Tim also told us that they’re
a matriarchal society, and that the older, wiser
woman, or female elephant, leads the pack, since she
knows the ropes and everything. – And Hollywood should take a
leaf from their books, okay? – So excited for the beach! – My butt is so sweaty. – What does my hair look like right now? – It looks great.
– Really? – You’ve got volume. – You’ve got a lot of volume. – I have volume. I’m a beautiful mop. – Almost there.
– Yay. – We are now descending
down towards the ocean. – And lunch. – I don’t even know what to say. – Worth the drive? – Yes, absolutely worth the drive. – What if we missed our flight tomorrow? – Look at this view and this beach. – That drive was starting
to seem like there was no light at the end of the tunnel. But alas, there is. – Very speechless right now. It smells like a beach. And that’s, like, perhaps
the greatest thing anyone could ever smell right now. – I can confidently say
I’ve never been to any place this gorgeous before in my entire life. – Look who’s here. Hi, friend
– Hi, booboo. – So last morning in Kenya. It’s beautiful outside. – We’re very grateful and changed, and probably better people
for having been here. – Yeah, I don’t think we want to go home. – No.
– I don’t. – We’re about to go film on this beach and say goodbye to Kenya. We are here. It’s our last morning in Kenya. We are at Diani Beach. – This has been a jam-packed trip. – It really has.
– Yeah. I mean, we started off in Nairobi. We met up with some experts at
the National Museum of Kenya, and they taught us so much. And we also met with the Over 25 girls. They were a highlight. – We saw elephants in that orphanage. And then we also saw them
completely out in the wild. It was apparently really rare
to see them where we saw them. – And then we drove six
hours to Tsavo National Park, where we were really up close and personal with all the wildlife and the environment. And then we took an eight
hour drive to Diani Beach, which is where we are now. It’s been a trip full
of so many experiences that I don’t think any
of us will ever forget. – So Sam, what have you
learned on this trip? – I learned not to have
food out by monkeys. – Very true.
– We all learned that. – Good takeaway. – I talked to those anthropologists
at the National Museum of Kenya, kind of
learning about the culture and the way these people lived was a very powerful experience for me. – I learned that to be a
person who would give rise to all humans who currently exist, you had to be pretty
good at lots of things that we are probably not good at. I think it’s fascinating to
know that there was a person this many thousands of years ago who was so smart and great at surviving that we get a chance to experience this land and this place, too. – You can read about Kenya. You can see pictures of Kenya. But it’s so different
to actually touch down. It’s really unlike anything else, because you really can’t fully even begin to absorb it until you’re actually here. – One thing that really boggled my mind is the timeline of human history. – Like, Mitochondrial Eve might have lived over 100,000 years ago. And while we’ve evolved so
much throughout the years, this land is still very much present. – We went to Kenya and like,
that is one piece of where she could have lived, Mitochondrial Eve. And like, Sub-Saharan
Africa in itself is huge. And we just saw a small part
of something even huger. Just very grateful for
everything we saw and did, because what an amazing time. – Something that really
struck me in Nairobi was when Dr. Mbua was explaining to us that people from different continents just sort of arose from that continent. But with further studying and
learning about haplogroups, we learned that everyone
did indeed come from Africa. – The human species is on
the one hand, very diverse. But on the other hand,
if you compare it to other species like chimpanzees,
we are very not diverse. We are all incredibly
similar, genetically speaking. And so it’s really popular these days to find out where you’re from,
to look at your genetics. And we comb through it to
find these tiny differences that can say, oh, maybe your
ancestors came from this place, or yours came from this place. But the bigger picture is that humans are so similar genetically. And it is actually really difficult to find those small differences. – I’ve never been
overseas ever in my life. So this is something
that I’m really excited to check off my bucket list. And even more excited
to do it with you guys. – We’re very grateful to 23andMe
for sending us out there. Also very grateful for
them for sending you, because could not have
had a better new friend. – Big thank you to everyone
that made it happen. It was so much bigger than just us. And thank you to the people of Kenya, because they’ve been so welcoming, and really just embraced
what we were trying to do. – A deep dive into the
origins of modern humanity. – Lady tested.
– Lady learned. – Woo! Let’s go in the ocean. – Bye. Let’s jump in! – Gonna swim back home.